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Since embedded chips carry the potential to wreak the most havoc come
Y2K, I’m often asked what types of devices and appliances rely upon
embedded systems. What follows is an partial list of various items
which use embedded chips, arranged topically.

Office systems

  • Answering machines

  • Cellular telephones

  • Desktop computers

  • Fax machines

  • Laptop and notebook computers

  • Personal digital assistants and organizers

  • Photocopiers

  • Printers

  • Scanners

  • Still and video cameras

  • Telephone systems

  • Time recording systems

  • Voice mail

Building systems

  • Air conditioning

  • Backup lighting and generators

  • Building management systems

  • Burglar and fire alarms

  • CCTV systems

  • Door locks and keypad access systems

  • Elevators, escalators, and lifts

  • Fire control systems

  • Heating and ventilating systems

  • Lighting systems

  • Safes and vaults

  • Security access control systems

  • Security cameras

  • Sprinkler systems

  • Surveillance and security systems

  • Switching systems

Manufacturing and process control

  • Automated factories

  • Bottling plants

  • CAD systems

  • Energy control systems

  • Manufacturing systems

  • Nuclear power stations

  • Oil refineries and related storage facilities

  • Power grid systems (transformers, vibration monitors, etc.)

  • Robots and other automated machinery

  • Switching systems

  • Time/clock stamps

  • Water and sewage systems (pumps, flow regulators)

Transportation

  • Air traffic control systems

  • Airplanes (avionics, flight and cabin systems)

  • Automated check-in systems

  • Automobiles

  • Baggage handling

  • Buses

  • Car parking and other meters

  • Command and control systems

  • Emergency equipment

  • Marine craft

  • Passenger information systems

  • Photo surveillance systems

  • Radar systems

  • Signaling systems

  • Speed cameras, radar detectors

  • Ticketing systems/machines

  • Traffic lights

  • Trains

Communications

  • Telephone exchanges and PBXs

  • Cable systems

  • Telephone switches

  • Satellites

  • Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers

Banking and finance

  • Automated tellers

  • Credit card authorization systems

  • Credit card systems

  • Safes and vaults

Medical

  • Automated intravenous drip machines

  • CT scan machines

  • Monitoring systems (heart, ECG)

  • Pacemakers

  • Sonogram machines

  • X-ray equipment

Home equipment

  • Automated sprinkler systems

  • Central heating and cooling

  • Microwaves

  • VCRs and entertainment equipment

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