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Russia and communist China and have forged a new cooperative agreement that seeks to shape a “fair, democratic world order,” according to official Russian sources.
The two countries, the sources said, “have identical or similar positions on all key international problems.”
The initial draft of a new, far-reaching pact between Moscow and Beijing was agreed upon April 29, with a formal agreement to be signed in July. Moscow states that Russian-Chinese relations have “acquired a new quality,” and Russian President Vladimir Putin declared that “Russia and China have almost no problems that would prove annoying to their relations,” which are developing “intensively.”
The statements were reported by the Voice of Russia World Service, the official broadcasting service of the Russian government.
On April 29, Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov and Chinese Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan approved the draft of a 20-year treaty on “good neighborly relations, friendship and cooperation.”
The new agreement, according to Ivanov, has worldwide implications. While Moscow describes its relations with Beijing as “ever more growing into a full-scale strategic partnership,” the pact also makes reference to “the international scene.”
According to Ivanov, the treaty is “basically important for shaping a fair, democratic world order and for stability the world over.”
The present level of Russian-Chinese relations is also “accompanied by ever more frequent contacts at all levels,” Moscow stated.
The increased diplomatic activity occurs at a time when mainland China is extending its military capability into the Pacific, Russia faces an expanding NATO alliance and both Moscow and Beijing are hostile to any proposed U.S. anti-missile system.
Reflecting the remarkably active diplomatic exchanges recently between Moscow and Beijing, Putin and Jiang will have three top-level meetings this year, with Jiang coming to Moscow in July and Putin going to China twice.
Relations between Russia and China, which are “evermore growing,” have already been at a very high level of mutual friendship and were previously described as “strategic.”
According to the BBC, the term “strategic partnership” was first used to describe Russian-Chinese relations in 1996 by then-President Boris Yeltsin.
In August 1994, Radio Moscow (now the Voice of Russia) reported that Russia and China negotiated a significant arms agreement, which included missiles, tanks, airborne radar and the education of Chinese cadets at Russian military academies.
In December 1995, then-Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev boasted that China was Russia’s major partner in military and technical cooperation and that relations between Moscow and Beijing were “an example of mutual trust and genuine friendship.”
Russia and China have already declared their mutual cooperation to establish a “New World Order.” In April 1997, Yeltsin and Jiang declared that there was “an urgent need for building a just and rational New World Order” and agreed upon a “shared goal of a multi-polar world,” which would challenge the perceived “uni-polar” world dominated by the United States.
Since the first declaration in 1997, Russian and Chinese leaders have periodically called for a new international order, free of the supposed dominance of the United States.
Russia and China’s latest accord also lists as a main priority the establishment of a “fair and democratic world order on the basis of multi-polarity.”
The leadership in both Moscow and Beijing have never specifically identified the poles of power and influence in their “multi-polar world.”
The ever-increasing high level of cooperation between Moscow and Beijing is aided by the Chinese president’s attraction to Russian culture.
Early in his training, Jiang worked in a Russian automobile factory, and acquired a high degree of proficiency in the Russian language, reading the great Russian author Leo Tolstoy in the original. During his 1997 visit to Russia, Jiang visited Tolstoy’s birthplace and memorial.
Cooperation between Moscow and Beijing, however, extends far beyond culture and literature. Russia is supplying China with highly sophisticated weapons that now threaten to make possible not only an invasion of the island of Taiwan, but also is making possible the extension of Chinese military power into the Pacific region.