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Richard Milhous Nixon was born this day, Jan. 9, 1913. A lieutenant commander in the Navy during World War II, he was a congressman, senator, and vice president under Eisenhower. He lost his first presidential race to John F. Kennedy by the smallest margin ever in a presidential election. He served as America’s 37th president before resigning. In his Inaugural Address, President Nixon stated: “No man can be fully free while his neighbor is not. … This means black and white together as one nation, not two. … What remains is … to insure … that as all are born equal in dignity before God, all are born equal in dignity before man.”

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