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Father Jacques Marquette arrived in Quebec from France to be a missionary among the Indians. Gov. Frontenac commissioned him to explore the unknown Mississippi River, traveling by canoe from Lake Michigan through Wisconsin, down the Mississippi to the Arkansas River. Afterwards he founded a mission among the Illinois Indians. Caught by the winter on this day, Dec. 4, 1674, Father Marquette and two companions erected a rough log cabin near the shore of Lake Michigan. The settlement would afterwards grow into the city of Chicago. In an account written by Father Dablon of the Society of Jesus, 1678, Marquette met with over 500 chiefs and “explained to them the principal mysteries of our religion, and the end for which he had come to their country; and especially he preached to them Christ crucified, for it was the very eve of the great day on which he died on the cross for them.”

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