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Newly independent, the 13 American states were suspicions that their new government may become too powerful, as King George’s was. They insisted that 10 handcuffs be placed on the power of the federal government. We call these the first 10 amendments or Bill of Rights, and they were ratified this day, Dec. 15, 1791. The first of these amendments states: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

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