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Elisabeth Mann Borgese
One of the main authors of the U.N.’s Law of the Sea Treaty, or LOST, not only admired Karl Marx but was an ardent advocate of the Marxist-oriented New International Economic Order, according to a new report.
Supporters of LOST – now before the U.S. Senate and backed by the Bush Administration – depict it as a pact that merely guarantees freedom of navigation on the high seas. But a new report issued by Cliff Kincaid of the public policy group America’s Survival Inc. identifies Elisabeth Mann Borgese, a socialist who ran the World Federalists of Canada, as having played a critical role in crafting and promoting LOST.
Borgese was hailed by her U.N. supporters as the “Mother of the Oceans” or “First Lady of the Oceans.” She died in 2002.
“The name of Elisabeth Mann Borgese is probably unknown to most backers and opponents of LOST,” states Kincaid. “But any analysis of the treaty and its impact has to take her life and influence over LOST into account.”
The complete report is available at American Survival’s website.
President Reagan rejected the pact, and his ambassador to the U.N., Jeane Kirkpatrick, said it was viewed as the cornerstone of a New International Economic Order that would transfer money and technology from the U.S. and other developed countries to the Third World.
Although supporters say the measure has been fixed, Kirkpatrick still is part of the massive conservative opposition to LOST.
Kincaid says that at a time when the U.N. is under fire for mismanagement, corruption and scandal, LOST establishes a new international legal regime, including an International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, to govern activities on, over and under the world’s oceans.
The treaty explicitly governs seven-tenths of the world’s surface and permits international rules and regulations concerning economic and industrial activities on the land area of the world in order to combat global warming and other perceived pollution dangers.
The youngest daughter of the German novelist Thomas Mann, Borgese openly favored world government, wrote for the left-wing The Nation magazine and was a member of a “Committee to Frame a World Constitution.” She served as director of the International Center for Ocean Development and chairman of the International Oceans Institute at Dalhousie University in Canada.
The U.N. Environment Program, UNEP, has said that Borgese recognized the oceans as “a possible test-bed for ideas she had developed concerning a common global constitution.”
Borgese received UNEP’s “Environment Prize” in 1987 and was credited with organizing the conferences that “served to lay the foundation” for the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea, according to Dalhousie University, which houses her archives.
In a 1995 speech, pro-U.N. Democratic Sen. Claiborne Pell said Borgese’s ideas were “embodied in the negotiated texts of the Law of the Sea Convention.”
Her ideas included recognizing the oceans as the “common heritage of mankind” and creating an International Seabed Authority to charge U.S. and foreign companies for the right to mine the ocean floor. This has been regarded by many LOST critics as a global tax scheme.
In a January 1999 speech, Borgese declared, “The world ocean has been, and is, so to speak, our great laboratory for the making of a new world order.”
In an article titled, “The New International Economic Order and the Law of the Sea,” she argued that the pact could “reinforce” the goals of the NIEO by giving Third World countries a role in managing access to the oceans.
In a 1997 interview, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation broadcaster Philip Coulter asked Borgese about the collapse of Soviet-style communism and the triumph of the “elites.”
Borgese replied “there is a strong counter-trend. It’s not called socialism, but it’s called sustainable development, which calls … for the eradication of poverty. There is that trend and that is the trend that I am working on.”
The concept of “sustainable development,” considered a euphemism for socialism or communism, has been embraced in various pronouncements by the U.N. and even the U.S. government.
In her book, “The Oceanic Circle: Governing the Seas as a Global Resource,” she approvingly cites Karl Marx, the father of communism, as someone with “amazing foresight” about the problems faced by urban and rural societies. The book is available from the liberal Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C.
In an article co-authored with an international lawyer, Borgese noted how LOST stipulates that the oceans “shall be reserved for peaceful purposes” and that “any threat or use of force, inconsistent with the United Nations Charter, is prohibited.”
She argued that LOST prohibits the ability of nuclear submarines from the U.S. and other nations to rove freely through the world’s oceans.
Borgese is one of many members of the World Federalist Movement identified by America’s Survival as instrumental in crafting and lobbying for passage of LOST over the course of decades.
Although sometimes regarded as small and without much influence, prominent personalities such as Walter Cronkite and former Republican Congressman John B. Anderson are world federalists, and former President Clinton and then-First Lady Hillary Clinton endorsed the group’s activities.