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Toyota should be toast by now. In fact, the only difference between “Toyota” and “toast” should be that the word “toast” has the letter “s” in it and Toyota doesn’t.
But, of course, I have to use the phrase “should be” because Toyota is so well-connected in Washington, D.C., that it never can be clear if the Japanese car company will reap the just rewards for what it’s been sowing – a blatant disregard for safety, attempting to sweep that disregard for safety under the floor mat, and then actually blaming many of their problems on the floor mat.
According to the investigative reporting of the Associated Press, the addition of common sense to the issue of Toyota’s unprecedented volume of recalls in the past few months surely will have to overcome plenty of political obstacles. And we don’t even have to worry about the Alabama senators (Richard Shelby and Jeff Sessions) who headed the “drop dead Detroit” team when the American automakers were getting raked over the coals for non-safety issues like financial problems and flying private jets. Sens. Sessions and Shelby have been remarkably silent this time around.
Anyway, here are some of the major political obstacles:
- Top investigator in the massive safety-centered recalls is Toyota cheerleader Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va., who routinely credits himself with successfully lobbying Toyota to build a factory in his state in 1996. Rockefeller bragged in 2006 at the 10th anniversary celebration for the West Virginia plant, “By the time Toyota decided to make Buffalo [W.Va.] its new home, I felt like a full-fledged member of that site selection team.”
- House investigative panel member Rep. Jane Harman, D-Calif., represents the district where the Japanese automaker’s U.S. subsidiary resides. Rep. Harman and her husband own over $100,000 in Toyota stock, according to their latest financial disclosure report. Sidney Harman is also the founder of Harman International Industries, which sells vehicle audio systems to Toyota. Rep. Harman also paid tribute to the late lead Toyota engineer David Hermance on the House floor after he died in a plane crash in 2006, referring to him as the “Father of the American Prius.” The American Prius? The one made by a Japanese company in Japan?
- Senate minority leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., who remarked at the 20th anniversary of the Toyota Kentucky plant in 2006 that, “Kentucky is still reaping the rewards of its 20-year partnership with Toyota, and we hope to continue to do so for years to come.” The Toyota Kentucky plant? The one that was constructed by Ohbayashi Corp. of Japan with Japanese steel? The one that received its financing by Mitsui Bank of Japan? The one that paved the way for a special trade zone so Japan could import parts duty-free? The one where we gave away 1,500 acres of free land to Toyota? The one where federal and state government grants totaled over $100 million?
- Current NHTSA chief David Strickland, who worked under top Toyota recall investigator Sen. Jay Rockefeller, as a lawyer and senior staffer for eight years.
- The main federal government liaison for Toyota, Christopher Tinto, worked for NHTSA’s Office of Vehicle Safety Standards dealing with truck braking standards.
- EPA Clean Air Act Advisory Committee member (and Toyota executive) Tom Stricker.
And we can’t forget the prominent people on Toyota’s diversity advisory board, such as Clinton administration cabinet secretary and co-chair of President Obama’s presidential campaign Federico Pena; Former Labor Secretary (Clinton administration) Alexis Herman; Former Republican representative turned lobbyist Susan Molinari; and former U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission chairman Gilbert Casellas.
It’s fairly safe to say that if it had been GM or Ford’s head on the chopping block, foreign car lovers would be railing against Detroit and once again calling for their demise. It’s already obvious that Toyota’s American defenders and apologists cry foul about their perceived unfair treatment in the media and by Congress. Over 100 Toyota dealers plan to rally in Washington this week. One Iowa Toyota dealer has been telling customers that Toyota’s safety problems aren’t due to flaws in their cars, but rather they are due to an overzealous media. Really? That’s going to be a tough one to back up.
Such injustice claims seem inequitable given the thrashing the Big Three took on Capitol Hill during the bailout hearings or the intensity of the John McCain-led inquisition into Ford’s role in the early 1990s SUV rollovers involving Firestone tires.
Akiko Fujita, a Tokyo reporter for Public Radio International (PRI), said on Feb. 2 that, “Toyota’s success story has long been a source of national pride in Japan.” But founder Kiichi Toyota launched the company in the 1930s after visiting Ford’s Michigan factories.
And how does one come to the conclusion that any car company is truly a success to be revered? In America, one would think to consider an auto company’s market share. At the close of 2009, GM had a U.S. market share of 19.5 percent, which jumped to 21 percent in January this year even as it was cutting its number of brands from eight to four and reducing fleet sales. Toyota ended 2009 with a 17.9 percent U.S. market share, which plunged to 14.1 percent in January. Also in January, Ford passed Toyota at 16.7 percent after ending 2009 with a 14.1 percent U.S. market share. So much for the claim American companies don’t build cars Americans want to buy. GM and Ford’s market share, Nos. 1 and 2, respectively, is sufficient proof Americans do like American cars.
With almost any other country you consider, there is an American automaker with a higher market share percentage than Toyota. According to Automotive News, GM lost the No. 1 market share crown in Mexico for the first time in 14 years to Nissan. Toyota didn’t make the top five. Volkswagen was third, Ford was fourth, Chrysler was fifth.
In China (now the world’s largest automotive market), GM has the No. 1 market share. According to a Feb. 11 article on the website TradingMarkets.com, Toyota’s 2009 sales in China were the lowest in 31 years. The stated reason was “the quality of its car models.” Toyota ranked fourth in Chinese market share as of November 2008.
In Europe, Ford comes in third with a 9.2 percent market share, while Toyota’s market share is less than 6 percent. GM-owned Opel’s share alone of the European market, not even including Chevrolet, is nearly 7 percent. And Ford outsells Toyota in Russia.
So let’s recap. GM beats Toyota in the two largest auto markets in the world (the U.S. and China) but it’s GM that isn’t building cars people want to buy?
Actually, Toyota has been a failure in the United States when you consider its advantages and its inability to capture the No. 1 market share crown. In 2004, GM spent $5.2 billion on health care for its workers and retirees, or about $1,500.00 extra per vehicle. By comparison, Toyota and Honda only spent a few hundred dollars on health care per vehicle, mainly because GM has been making cars here for a hundred years and Japanese automakers only have been making cars here since the 1980s.
Now let’s say you and I both go into business making similar products in the same industry, and I have to constantly do more with less, having to spend about a thousand dollars more per product than you do. I have less to spend on design, research, marketing, manufacturing, safety initiatives, etc., yet I have a higher market share than you, outselling you year after year. Which company fits the term “failure”? Is GM a failure at 21 percent market share compared to Toyota’s 14.1 percent market share? Is Ford a failure, beating Toyota by over 2½ percentage points in January? Or with all the advantages of lower legacy costs (health care, pensions, etc.) in America, isn’t Toyota the real failure for not being able to take the top market share spot, having such large built-in production cost advantages?
True pride is rooting for the home team even when they’re down. Baseball fans don’t switch favorite teams according to the standings. They root for the home team even when they aren’t winning. GM and Ford are the home teams, and they’re winning. Just like Japan has national pride in Toyota, we should have equal national pride in our American auto companies. Sure, American automakers have taken hits they certainly deserved throughout their history for various shortcomings, but your favorite baseball team has probably had a scandal before or some other embarrassing moment. Did you switch teams? Maybe some did, but the true fans stayed with their team – the home team.
In my opinion, true Americans stand behind their home teams, especially when they’re in the lead. If your opinion is you should stand up for the away team (Toyota) instead then let me make sure you know at least some facts first that prove Toyota knew it had safety issues in the U.S. and did nothing.
Toyota’s American executive Jim Lentz said on Feb. 1 that the company’s repairs will “solve the issues that we know of.” They clearly knew of other issues. According to a 51-page report by Safety Research & Strategies, Inc. at least 2,262 Toyota owners have reported unintended acceleration causing 815 accidents and 19 fatalities since 1999.
According to a Feb. 10 Wall Street Journal article, when NHTSA wanted Toyota to issue a recall to remove floor mats, “Toyota assured us this would fix the problem,” said NHTSA’s administrator at the time. Toyota was asked if they were sure it wasn’t the gas pedal, and they assured the NHTSA it was just the floor mats.
But then a Michigan lady was killed in 2008 when her 2005 Camry surged from 25 mph to 80 mph, went airborne, and stuck a tree. Her floor mats were removed days earlier.
On Jan. 19 of this year, two top Toyota executives offered American regulators surprising news in a closed-door meeting. It wasn’t just the floor mats. Toyota was aware of the gas pedal problem for over a year.
According to Jeff Kingston, director of Asian studies at Temple University Japan, there is a Japanese proverb, “If it stinks, put a lid on it.” On Feb. 4, Japan’s transport minister Seiji Machara said Toyota denied problems existed and was not sufficiently sensitive enough to complaints. Still want to believe Toyota wasn’t hiding anything?
On the same day, Toyota president Akio Toyoda, a full two weeks after the gas pedal safety recall, finally spoke up and apologized for the “inconvenience” to consumers. I”m sure those who had funerals for family members and friends didn’t quite think of it as an “inconvenience.”
Go ahead and have your pride in your Toyota if you want. It’s definitely not national pride or pride in the home team. I can understand Japan wants to have pride in their national champion, even when they are down, but we as Americans should have our national pride in our winning national champions, too. The failure of Americans to root for the home team is, to me, un-American.