It’s interesting why behavior that we readily recognize, on an individual level, as undesirable, we routinely promote and accept as government and social policy.
What rational person would suggest that being detached from reality is a good thing?
Or what rational person does not want good information when making important decisions?
But increasingly we live in an environment created by government-driven policies in which the picture of reality we have is false and the information available to us for making routine decisions is distorted.
University of Chicago economist Raghuram Rajan demonstrates this problem in what he calls “let them eat credit.”
According to Rajan, we have a big problem at the lower end of our income spectrum. Low-end incomes not only are languishing, but adjusted for inflation, are dropping. From 2002 to 2008, real wages for the top 10 percent of earners increased, but for everyone else they dropped.
What to do?
Rajan points out that the real culprit is education. As the economy gets increasingly sophisticated, the penalty for lack of education gets greater. But we’re failing to deliver this needed education to lower-income Americans.
Core to the problem, Rajan argues, is that politicians are more interested in being popular than solving problems. They’d rather offer free money in the form of subsidies and easy credit to low-wage earners than take on real problems.
Programs like subsidized mortgages, which contributed much to the housing bubble, make life look artificially cheap and reduce the sense of immediacy regarding the need to get educated.
The rate of U.S. home ownership increased from 1995 to 2005 from 65 percent to 69 percent. Over the same period of time home prices doubled, before everything fell apart.
As reported by Peter Wallison of the American Enterprise Institute, in 1992 government-backed lending enterprises Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac were directed to “promote affordable housing” and to do this by enabling down payments of less than 5 percent and approving credit for borrowers with shaky credit history.
Through the 1990s and 2000s, HUD continued to push Fannie and Freddie to relax standards, requiring them, according to Wallison, “to buy increasing numbers of subprime and other risky mortgages.”
The faulty assumption behind all this, which we’ve learned the hard way, is that politicians think they can use taxpayers and the money printing press as a bottomless pit of funds to promote government schemes.
Many low-income families bought homes they couldn’t afford. It wasn’t just because of lying mortgage brokers, but because the whole artificial reality that distorted prices and credit was created by government policy.
It’s hard to find a place to turn where we don’t deal with a reality distorted by government.
We’re all concerned about runaway costs of health care and health insurance. What’s behind it?
In 1960, 50 percent of our health expenditures were out of pocket, and 50 percent were OPM (other people’s money – insurance, employers, government).
Today, 12 percent of our health-care expenditures are out of pocket and 88 percent are other people’s money.
According to Harvard economist Robert Barro, the current persistent high unemployment rate helping drag out this recession is traceable to the unprecedented extension of unemployment benefits from the normal 26 weeks to almost two years. The argument that we are currently in unchartered territory and must do the unusual is not true.
Barro points out that unemployment in the 1982 recession reached 10.8 percent – higher than today.
The perhaps not-so-funny joke, that neurotics build castles in the air and psychotics move into them, is worth thinking about.
The ability to succeed is predicated on both freedom and having good information on which to make decisions.
As we distort, through government policies, reality around us, and citizens increasingly get bad information for matters about which they have important decisions to make, we’re not going to recover.