(JNS) A series of major droughts may have led to the collapse of several great Bronze Age civilizations in the eastern Mediterranean between 1250 and 1100 B.C.E, leading to the rise of new civilizations such as the ancient Israelite kingdom, a new three-year study published in the Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University proposes.

Using samples of sediment retrieved from up to 18 meters underneath the Sea of Galilee and other sites such as the Dead Sea, researchers were able to use fossilized pollen grains to understand ancient climate conditions.

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