(Biblical Archaeology Review) Has archaeology uncovered portraits of two Israelite kings? One contender is on the famous Black Obelisk from Nimrud/Calah, but scholars differ about the identification. Another more recent candidate for an Israelite king’s portrait is an image from a wall at Kuntillet ‘Ajrud, a remote site in the Sinai desert. As author Irit Ziffer explains in the September/October 2013 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, the answer may depend on an understanding of conventions in ancient art.
The British Museum’s famous Black Obelisk is often thought to include a portrait of the Israelite King Jehu bowing before the Assyrian monarch Shalmaneser III. However, Irit Ziffer writes that “there are severe problems with the suggestion that we have here a portrait of Jehu. As noted, Jehu’s tribute is described in the second panel from the top.