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WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Warren Commission, in its effort to portray Lee Harvey Oswald as the lone assassin of President John F. Kennedy, had to ignore or otherwise obfuscate abundant medical evidence and testimony that JFK suffered an exit wound in the back of his head.
A front-entry wound in his body means that more than one shooter had to have been involved, as Oswald's Texas School Book Depository building was behind JFK’s limo when the shooting began.
One little known piece of evidence can be found at the end of the famous film footage by Abraham Zapruder, as the presidential limo is about to go under the triple overpass, says WND senior writer Jerome Corsi, author of the newly released "Who Really Killed Kennedy? 50 Years Later: Stunning New Revelations about the JFK Assassination."
The remarkable series of frames in the Zapruder film shows a frantic Jackie Kennedy in the back seat propping her husband up to a full sitting position, as if he were alive.
The sequence, rarely watched or studied, begins to be clearly seen around frame 456.
In the instant after the fatal headshot, Jackie Kennedy reacted with the type of hysteria that some unfortunate victims experience who have lost an appendage or part of an appendage. Just as those victims will try to jam the severed appendage back in place, in the film Jackie scrambles onto the trunk of the limo trying to grab some part of JFK’s skull or brain matter.
Once Jackie gets back in the seat, it appears she desperately tries to put her husband back together again to the point of moving the head flap back in place.
By frame 456, JFK can be seen in an upright sitting position, even though he is brain dead from the massive headshot wounds.
"Who Really Killed Kennedy," released last month as the 50th anniversary of the assassination approaches, is bolstered by recently declassified documents that shed new light on the greatest "who-done-it" mystery of the 20th century. Corsi sorted through tens of thousands of documents, all 26 volumes of the Warren Commission's report, hundreds of books, several films and countless photographs.
Jackie blacks out
In her testimony to the Warren Commission, Jackie Kennedy was asked if she remembered Secret Service Agent Clint Hill, who climbed on the back of the limo to help.
“I don’t remember anything,” she answered, adding a few questions later that she had no recollection whatsoever of climbing out on the back of the car after the shooting.
Secret Service Agent Clint Hill wrote a 2012 book, "Mrs. Kennedy and Me," in which he describes his experience during the JFK assassination.
“I heard the shot. The third shot,” he wrote. “The impact was like the sound of something hard hitting something hollow – like the sound of a melon shattering onto the cement. In the same instant, blood, brain matter, and bone fragments exploded from the back of the president’s head. The president’s blood, parts of his skull, bits of his brain were splattered all over me – on my face, my clothes, in my hair.”
For Hill to have seen brain matter explode out of JFK’s head, the wound at the back of the president's must have been an exit wound.
“As I peered into the backseat of the car,” Hill recalled. “I saw the president’s head in [Jackie’s] lap. His eyes were fixed, and I could see inside the back of his head. I could see inside the back of the president’s head.”
The importance of the few frames at the end of the Zapruder film is the fleeting view of the back of JFK’s head.
The hair around the back head wound is a richer brownish-red color, with the discoloration adjacent to the right ear about the size of a grapefruit.
While the visual evidence of Zapruder frame 456 is not indisputable proof of a rear exit wound to JFK’s head, the discoloration at the back of his head observed in frame 456 is consistent with the description of the head wound made public by the physicians at Parkland Hospital that attended JFK.
'Massive wound at the back of his head'
Immediately after JFK’s death, the Parkland Hospital medical team went public with their conclusion that the wound they observed in the occipital range of his head near the right ear, a wound most described as being the size of a grapefruit, was an exit wound.
At the Parkland Hospital press conference held one hour and 15 minutes after JFK had been pronounced dead, Dr. Malcolm Perry, one of the attending physicians in the emergency room, and Dr. Kemp Clark, a neurosurgeon who also attended to JFK in the emergency room, attributed the cause of death to a massive wound at the back of his head.
The two physicians knew almost nothing about the facts of the assassination and were cautious about making deductions from the medical evidence.
Clark exhibited caution when he told a reporter that “the head wound could have been either the exit wound from the neck or it could have been a tangential wound, as it was simply a large, gaping loss of tissue.”
Either way, it’s clear the two doctors considered the gaping hole at the back of JFK’s skull to have been an exit wound and the bullet hole observed in JFK’s neck to have been an entrance wound.
Dr. Charles Carrico, a surgeon doing his residency at Parkland Hospital at the time, was the first physician to treat JFK in the emergency room. In his testimony to the Warren Commission, Carrico described JFK’s head wound in questioning from assistant counsel Arlen Specter, who later served 30 years in the U.S. Senate:
Dr. Carrico: [JFK’s head wound] was a 5- by 51-cm defect in the posterior skull, the occipital region. There was an absence of the calvarium or skull in this area, with shredded tissue, brain tissue present and initially considerable slow oozing. Then after we established some circulation there was more profuse bleeding from the wound.
Mr. Specter: Was any other wound observed on the head in addition to this large opening where the skull was absent?
Dr. Carrico: No other wound on the head.
Dr. Robert McClelland, a surgeon on the staff of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, was giving a lecture at Parkland Hospital when JFK was brought into the emergency room.
Summoned to the emergency room, McClelland arrived after the tracheotomy had been given. Putting on surgical gloves, McClelland also observed a massive wound to the back of JFK’s head.
He testified to the Warren Commission that through that wound, “you could actually look down into the skull cavity itself and see that possibly a third or so, at least, of the brain tissue, posterior cerebral tissue and some of the cerebellar tissue had been blasted out.”
McClelland’s testimony shows that the emergency room doctors were more concerned with trying to save the president’s life than trying to figure out how he had been shot.
“The initial impression that we had was that perhaps the wound in the neck, the anterior part of the neck, was an entrance wound and that it had perhaps taken a trajectory off the anterior vertebral body and again into the skull, exiting out the back, to produce the massive injury in the head,” he testified.
“However, this required some straining of the imagination to imagine that this would happen, and it was much easier to explain the apparent trajectory by means of two bullets.”
Dr. Crenshaw’s account
Charles A. Crenshaw, M.D., one of the physicians attending JFK at Parkland has continued to insist the wound to JFK’s head was a front-entry wound – a story Crenshaw told in his book “JFK: Conspiracy of Silence” that was published in 1992 and republished this year without change under the title, “JFK Has Been Shot: A Parkland Hospital Surgeon Speaks Out.”
I walked to the President’s head to get a closer look. His entire right cerebral hemisphere appeared to be gone. It looked like a crater – an empty cavity. All I could see there was mangled, bloody tissue. From the damage I saw, there was no doubt in my mind that the bullet had entered his head through the front, and as it surgically passed through his cranium, the missile obliterated part of the temporal and all the parietal and occipital lobes before it lacerated the cerebellum. The wound resembled a deep furrow in a freshly plowed field. Several years later when I viewed slow-motion films of the bullet striking the President, the physics of the head being thrown back provided final and complete confirmation of a frontal entry by the bullet to the cranium.
The basic logic of gunshot wounds apply: entrance wounds tend to be small, bullet-size holes, as the Parkland Hospital emergency room physicians observed in JFK’s neck wound before the incision was made for the tracheotomy. Exit wounds tend to be larger, such as the grapefruit-sized, gaping wounds the Parkland Hospital emergency room physicians observed in the back of JFK’s head.
Crenshaw’s testimony was so damaging to the Warren Commission’s conclusion that those who maintain Oswald was the lone assassin have attacked him. The American Medical Association claimed in a press conference held in New York City on May 19, 1992, that Crenshaw was not n Parkland Hospital’s Trauma Room One at the time emergency treatment was provided to President Kennedy.
Crenshaw sued the AMA, winning in 1994 an out-of-court monetary settlement that ended the case, substantiating Crenshaw’s claim.
The Warren Commission did not call Crenshaw to testify.
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