Philadelphia then and now: What happened?

by Bill Federer -- Admiral Sir William Penn of Britain fought the Dutch navy in the First Anglo-Dutch War, 1652-54. Admiral Penn captured Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655. In 1660, Admiral more…

The day naval warfare was revolutionized

by Bill Federer -- The Confederate iron-plated ship Merrimac destroyed two Union boats on March 8, 1862. The next day, the Union responded with the ironclad Monitor. President Calvin Coolidge dedicated a more…

Where the Supreme Court went wrong

by Bill Federer -- "Old Ironsides" is the nickname of the three-masted frigate USS Constitution, the oldest commissioned ship in the world still afloat. Muslim Barbary Pirates of North Africa had captured more…

From humble bookseller to logistical hero

by Bill Federer -- Henry Knox witnessed the Boston Massacre in 1770. He served on guard duty to make sure no tea was unloaded from the ship Dartmouth prior to the Boston more…

How despots respond to prayers and fasting

by Bill Federer -- Furious at the Tea Party, the king punished Boston. The king approved the Boston Port Act, March 7, 1774, effectively closing their harbor to all commerce and ruining more…

The 1 common thing every president asks for

by Bill Federer -- March 4 was presidential inauguration day from 1793 till 1933, when it was changed by the 20th Amendment to Jan. 20. In their inaugural addresses, presidents made appeals more…

The best motto ever invented

by Bill Federer -- In 1820, a U.S. revenue cutter captured the slave ship Antelope off the coast of Florida with nearly 300 African slaves. Francis Scott Key was the defense counsel more…