California's wealth didn't just come from gold

by Bill Federer -- In 1769, the first Spanish missions were founded in California by Franciscan missionary Junipero Serra, whose statue is in the U.S. Capitol's Statuary Hall. California cities were originally more…

The 'living legend' from Albania

by Bill Federer -- Albania had been part of the Christian Byzantine Empire then part of the Christian Bulgarian Empire. Albania was conquered in 1431 by Ottoman Turkish Muslims. Sultan Mehmet II more…

The real beginnings of Labor Day

by Bill Federer -- Labor Day. To appreciate it, one needs to know the history preceding it. At the time the United States was founded, most people were farmers or worked in more…

Lessons for America from the fall of Rome

by Bill Federer -- The fall of Rome was a culmination of several external and internal factors. Great Wall of China By 220 A.D., the Later Eastern Han Dynasty had extended sections more…

The unusual story of Mitsuo Fuchida

by Bill Federer -- Imperial Japan's emperor claimed to be an incarnate divinity who was to be obeyed completely. It was forbidden for his subjects to criticize him. The Japanese empire he more…

The prayer that set the tone for a nation

by Bill Federer -- The first session of the Continental Congress opened the beginning of September in the year 1774 with prayer in Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia. Threatened by the most powerful monarch more…