The many hardships of Christopher Columbus

by Bill Federer -- Muslim Turks conquered Constantinople on May 29, 1453. William Lawson Grant, Professor of Colonial History at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, wrote in the introduction to "Voyages and Explorations" more…

Think your life is tough? Consider Jamestown

by Bill Federer -- When Muslim Turks conquered the land trade routes from Europe to Asia, Europeans explored sea routes. These attempts were financed either by kings and wealthy private individuals, or more…

Why homeschoolers still use McGuffey Readers

by Bill Federer -- Selling a million copies a year for over 100 years, McGuffey's Readers were the mainstay of public education in America. Generations of schoolchildren read them, making them some more…

Why the Dutch experienced a Golden Age

by Bill Federer -- After seven centuries of Islamic occupation, Spain finally drove the Muslims out in 1492. Culturally caught in the middle between Christians and Muslims, King Ferdinand ordered Jews to more…