How tulips helped create Wall Street

by Bill Federer -- Spain's "Iron Duke," the Grand Duke of Alba, fought the Ottoman Muslims in 1535, recapturing Tunis, North Africa. Spain financed its war with gold from the Inca Empire. more…

This is why religion is critical to democracy

by Bill Federer -- Just six weeks after the battles of Lexington and Concord, Harvard President Samuel Langdon, May 31, 1775, spoke to the Massachusetts Provincial Congress. Samuel Langdon's address was titled more…

Who allows protesters to burn our flag?

by Bill Federer -- Southern women scattered spring flowers on graves of both northern Union and southern Confederate soldiers of the Civil War in which over a half-million died. Many places claimed more…

How strong was John F. Kennedy's faith?

by Bill Federer -- He was awarded the Navy's medal of heroism during World War II. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his book "Profiles in Courage." He was the youngest more…

This is what happens to an illiterate society

by Bill Federer -- The earliest human records appeared about 3,000 or 4,000 BC – Sumerian cuneiform on clay tablets in the Mesopotamian Valley. This was followed by Egyptian hieroglyphics on papyrus, more…