The many hardships of Christopher Columbus

by Bill Federer -- Muslim Turks conquered Constantinople on May 29, 1453. William Lawson Grant, Professor of Colonial History at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, wrote in the introduction to "Voyages and Explorations" more…

The immigrant who wrote nation's most patriotic songs

by Bill Federer -- [caption id="attachment_1991565" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Song composer Irving Berlin[/caption] The son of a rabbi, he was born May 11, 1888. At four years old, he immigrated with his family more…

This tiny state used to be an independent nation

by Bill Federer -- [caption id="attachment_3277044" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Vermont[/caption] On April 20, 1534, King Francis I of France sent explorer Jacques Cartier to sail west to find a sea route to Asia. more…

Think your life is tough? Consider Jamestown

by Bill Federer -- [caption id="attachment_3282064" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Early Jamestown[/caption] When Muslim Turks conquered the land trade routes from Europe to Asia, Europeans explored sea routes. These attempts were financed either by more…

Harry Truman knew the 'greatest obstacle to peace'

by Bill Federer -- [caption id="attachment_1978995" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Harry S. Truman[/caption] In poor health two months before his death, Franklin Roosevelt met with King Abdul Aziz ibm Saud on the USS Quincy more…

Why homeschoolers still use McGuffey Readers

by Bill Federer -- [caption id="attachment_3253104" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Schoolchildren using McGuffey's Readers[/caption] Selling a million copies a year for over 100 years, McGuffey's Readers were the mainstay of public education in America. more…

Why the Dutch experienced a Golden Age

by Bill Federer -- [caption id="attachment_4669918" align="aligncenter" width="600"] Dutch windmills[/caption] After seven centuries of Islamic occupation, Spain finally drove the Muslims out in 1492. Culturally caught in the middle between Christians and more…

Why self-government is necessary for stability

by Bill Federer -- Napoleon made an alliance with the Muslim Ottoman Empire in 1806 and Persia in 1807. In 1807, Napoleon invaded Spain. When Spaniards revolted in Madrid, Napoleon brought in more…

What if Benedict Arnold's plan had succeeded?

by Bill Federer -- [caption id="attachment_4670299" align="alignright" width="300"] James McHenry[/caption] The "Star-Spangled Banner" was written while the British bombed Fort McHenry, named after Secretary of War James McHenry. Dr. James McHenry served more…