Table of Contents

 

 

 

United States
Securities and Exchange Commission

 

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2008

 

or

 

o  Transition Report Under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the transition period from            to           

 

Commission file number: 1-13463

 

Endeavour International Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada

 

88-0448389

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation
or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

1001 Fannin Street, Suite 1600, Houston, Texas 77002

(Address of principal executive offices)       (Zip code)

 

(713) 307-8700

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

None

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  x  Yes   o   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer o

Accelerated filer x

Non-accelerated filer o

Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    o Yes   x  No

 

As of August 7, 2008, 127,768,005 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

 

Index

 

Part I: Financial Information

 

Item 1: Financial Statements

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

1

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

2

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

3

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

4

Item 2: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

29

Item 4: Controls and Procedures

29

Part II. Other Information

 

Item 1A: Risk Factors

30

Item 4: Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

30

Item 6: Exhibits

31

Signatures

32

 



Table of Contents

 

Part I:  Financial Information

Item 1:  Financial Statements

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

June 30, 2008

 

December 31, 2007

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

29,379

 

$

16,440

 

Restricted cash

 

22,000

 

22,000

 

Accounts receivable

 

39,502

 

33,291

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

75,083

 

46,516

 

Total Current Assets

 

165,964

 

118,247

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and Equipment, Net

 

320,981

 

335,023

 

Goodwill

 

284,549

 

283,324

 

Other Assets

 

8,909

 

11,029

 

Total Assets

 

$

780,403

 

$

747,623

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

24,286

 

$

31,036

 

Accrued expenses and other

 

116,711

 

50,013

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

140,997

 

81,049

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-Term Debt

 

238,969

 

266,250

 

Deferred Taxes

 

107,617

 

135,552

 

Other Liabilities

 

182,321

 

69,623

 

Total Liabilities

 

669,904

 

552,474

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (Liquidation preference: $125,000)

 

125,000

 

125,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Series B Preferred stock (Liquidation preference: $2,852)

 

 

 

Common stock; shares issued and outstanding – 127,932,598 at 2008 and 127,006,440 shares at 2007

 

128

 

127

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

242,322

 

241,539

 

Treasury stock (190,440 shares at 2008)

 

(252

)

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

116

 

(923

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(256,815

)

(170,594

)

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

(14,501

)

70,149

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

$

780,403

 

$

747,623

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

Revenues

 

$

86,342

 

$

31,621

 

$

147,596

 

$

74,411

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of Operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses

 

13,969

 

9,728

 

23,988

 

20,438

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

23,720

 

15,247

 

45,123

 

34,461

 

General and administrative

 

4,836

 

5,160

 

9,587

 

10,527

 

Total Expenses

 

42,525

 

30,135

 

78,698

 

65,426

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income From Operations

 

43,817

 

1,486

 

68,898

 

8,985

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Income (Expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Realized gains (losses)

 

(14,494

)

3,943

 

(17,644

)

15,015

 

Unrealized losses

 

(130,686

)

(12,612

)

(160,328

)

(28,308

)

Interest income

 

325

 

582

 

691

 

1,186

 

Interest expense

 

(5,330

)

(4,155

)

(13,536

)

(8,928

)

Other

 

(520

)

(1,321

)

(1,291

)

(1,880

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Other Expense

 

(150,705

)

(13,563

)

(192,108

)

(22,915

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss Before Income Taxes

 

(106,888

)

(12,077

)

(123,210

)

(13,930

)

Income Tax Benefit

 

(42,864

)

(1,873

)

(42,394

)

(582

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss

 

(64,024

)

(10,204

)

(80,816

)

(13,348

)

Preferred Stock Dividends

 

2,709

 

2,844

 

5,405

 

5,688

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Loss to Common Stockholders

 

$

(66,733

)

$

(13,048

)

$

(86,221

)

$

(19,036

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted Loss per Common Share

 

$

(0.52

)

$

(0.11

)

$

(0.68

)

$

(0.16

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted:

 

127,626

 

123,661

 

127,581

 

121,133

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2



Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Six Months Ended June
30,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(80,816

)

$

(13,348

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

45,123

 

34,461

 

Deferred tax benefit

 

(58,277

)

(940

)

Unrealized loss on derivatives

 

160,328

 

28,308

 

Amortization of non-cash compensation

 

1,196

 

2,735

 

Other

 

7,372

 

933

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

(Increase) decrease in receivables

 

(2,824

)

37,498

 

Increase in other current assets

 

(4,907

)

(16,602

)

Increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

4,759

 

5,368

 

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

 

71,954

 

78,413

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(32,168

)

(41,707

)

Increase in restricted cash

 

 

(20,133

)

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

 

(32,168

)

(61,840

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Repayments of borrowings

 

(105,000

)

(40,000

)

Borrowings under debt agreements

 

88,000

 

7,000

 

Dividends paid

 

(5,313

)

 

Financing costs paid

 

(4,282

)

 

Other financing

 

(252

)

(157

)

Net Cash Used in Financing Activities

 

(26,847

)

(33,157

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

12,939

 

(16,584

)

Effect of Foreign Currency Changes on Cash

 

 

2,617

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period

 

16,440

 

39,814

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period

 

$

29,379

 

$

25,847

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1 – General

 

Endeavour International Corporation (a Nevada corporation formed in 2000) is an independent oil and gas company engaged in the acquisition, exploration and development of energy reserves.  Our goal is to become a leading upstream company with an exploration focus primarily in the North Sea.  We strive to achieve this position through acquisitions, licensing rounds and exploration drilling.

 

As used in these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, the terms “Company”, “Endeavour”, “we”, “us”, “our” and similar terms refer to Endeavour International Corporation and, unless the context indicates otherwise, its consolidated subsidiaries.  The accompanying consolidated financial statements of Endeavour should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10–K for the year ended December 31, 2007.

 

Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) and have been presented on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.  These accounting principles require management to use estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, and revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Management reviews its estimates, including those related to the determination of proved reserves, estimates of future dismantlement costs, income taxes and litigation.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.  In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in these financial statements.  Certain amounts for prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

 

Management believes that it is reasonably possible that the following material estimates affecting the financial statements could change in the coming year: (1) estimates of proved oil and gas reserves, (2) estimates as to the expected future cash flow from proved oil and gas properties, (3) estimates of future dismantlement and restoration costs, (4) estimates of fair values used in purchase accounting and (5) estimates of the fair value of derivative instruments.

 

Loss Per Share

 

Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period.  Diluted loss per share includes the effect of our outstanding stock options, warrants and shares issuable pursuant to convertible debt, convertible preferred stock and certain stock incentive plans under the treasury stock method, if including such instruments is dilutive.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

For each of the periods presented, shares associated with stock options, warrants, convertible debt, convertible preferred stock and certain stock incentive plans are not included because their inclusion would be antidilutive (i.e., reduce the net loss per share).

 

The common shares potentially issuable arising from these instruments, which were outstanding during the periods presented in the financial statements, consisted of:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrants, options and stock-based compensation

 

1,253

 

36

 

Convertible debt

 

34,000

 

16,185

 

Convertible preferred stock

 

50,000

 

50,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common shares potentially issuable

 

85,253

 

66,221

 

 

New Accounting Developments

 

In January 2008 we adopted two new interpretations issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board.  Both interpretations pertain to fair value measurement in financial reporting.  The first interpretation defines fair value, outlines a structure for measuring fair value and requires expanded financial statement disclosures about fair value measurements.  It is applicable to all financial assets and liabilities that are being measured and reported on a fair value basis.  The second interpretation allows entities the option of fair value measurement for certain eligible financial instruments and other financial assets and liabilities.  The results of our adoption and application of these standards are presented in Note 10.

 

In March 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued a new statement that requires expanded disclosures of entities’ hedging activities and derivative instruments.  This statement is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008.  We are currently reviewing this new standard.

 

Note 2 – Stock-Based Compensation Arrangements

 

We grant restricted stock and stock options, including notional restricted stock and options, to employees and directors as incentive compensation.  The notional restricted stock and options may be settled in cash or stock upon vesting, at our option, however it has been our practice to settle in stock.  The restricted stock and options generally vest over three years and the options have a five year term.  The vesting of these shares and options is dependent upon the continued service of the grantees to Endeavour.  Upon the occurrence of a change in control, each share of

 

5



Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

restricted stock and stock option outstanding on the date on which the change in control occurs will immediately vest.  For the second quarter of 2008, we included non-cash stock-based compensation of $0.4 million and $0.3 million in general and administrative expenses and capitalized general and administrative expenses, respectively.  For the second quarter of 2007, we included non-cash stock-based compensation of $0.4 million and $0.5 million in general and administrative expenses and capitalized general and administrative expenses, respectively.  For the six months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, we included non-cash stock – based compensation of $0.7 million and $0.5 million, and $1.9 million and $1.1 million in general and administrative expenses and capitalized general and administrative expenses, respectively.  At June 30, 2008, total compensation costs related to nonvested awards not yet recognized was approximately $6.4 million and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of less than two years.

 

Stock Options

 

The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.  Expected volatility is based on an average of historical volatility of common stock prices of Endeavour and our peer companies where there is a lack of relevant Endeavour volatility information for the length of the expected term.  The expected term is the average of the vesting period and the term of the option.  We use historical data to estimate option exercises and employee terminations within the valuation model. The risk-free rate for the expected term is the yield on the zero-coupon U.S. treasury security with a term comparable to the expected term of the option.  We do not include an estimated dividend yield since we have not paid dividends on our common stock historically.

 

The estimated fair value of each option granted was calculated using the Black-Scholes Method.  The following table summarizes the weighted average of the assumptions used in the method.

 

 

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk-free rate

 

3.2

%

4.7

%

Expected years until exercise

 

4.25

 

4

 

Expected stock volatility

 

46.0

%

42.4

%

Dividend yield

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Information relating to stock options, including notional stock options, is summarized as follows:

 

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Number of
Shares
Underlying
Options

 

Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price per
Share

 

Weighted
Average
Contractual
Life in
Years

 

Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value

 

Balance outstanding – January 1, 2008

 

5,569

 

$

2.86

 

2.15

 

 

 

Granted

 

1,175

 

$

1.32

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

(365

)

$

3.21

 

 

 

 

 

Expired

 

(576

)

$

4.15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance outstanding – June 30, 2008

 

5,803

 

$

2.40

 

3.2

 

$

1,566

 

Currently exercisable – June 30, 2008

 

3,353

 

$

2.67

 

1.0

 

$

316

 

 

The weighted average grant-date fair value of options granted for the six months ended June 30, 2008 was $0.52 per option.

 

Restricted Stock

 

At June 30, 2008, our employees and directors held 4.3 million restricted shares of our common stock that vest over the service period of up to three years.  The restricted stock awards were valued based on the closing price of our common stock on the measurement date, typically the date of grant, and compensation expense is recorded on a straight-line basis over the restricted share vesting period.

 

Status of the restricted shares as of June 30, 2008 and the changes during the six months ended June 30, 2008 are presented below:

 

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Number of
Shares

 

Weighted
Average Grant
Date Fair
Value per
Share

 

Balance outstanding – January 1, 2008

 

4,577

 

$

2.72

 

Granted

 

1,686

 

$

1.31

 

Vested

 

(1,228

)

$

2.84

 

Forfeited

 

(762

)

$

3.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance outstanding – June 30, 2008

 

4,273

 

$

2.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total grant date fair value of shares vesting during the period

 

$

3,035

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 3 – Debt Obligations

 

Our debt consisted of the following at the indicated dates:

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior notes, 6% fixed rate, due 2012

 

$

81,250

 

$

81,250

 

Senior bank facility, variable rate, due 2011

 

113,000

 

110,000

 

Convertible bonds, due 2014

 

42,044

 

 

Junior credit facility, due 2011

 

15,000

 

 

Second lien term loan, variable rate, due 2011

 

 

75,000

 

 

 

251,294

 

266,250

 

Less: debt discount

 

12,325

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt

 

$

238,969

 

$

266,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Standby letters of credit outstanding for abandonment liabilities

 

$

41,006

 

$

40,788

 

 

Additional information concerning interest rates

 

Average interest rates on our debt obligations at June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 are shown in the following table:

 

 

 

June 30, 2008

 

December 31, 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior bank facility

 

4.1

%

6.2

%

Junior credit facility

 

6.4

%

 

Second lien term loan

 

 

11.9

%

 

Convertible Bonds

 

In January 2008, we completed the refinancing of certain debt with the following:

 

·                  Repayment of the outstanding balance of $75 million under our second lien term loan, plus accrued interest;

·                  Issuance of $40 million under a private offering of 11.5% guaranteed convertible bonds to a company controlled by the Smedvig Family Office of Norway; and

·                  Issuance of $25 million under a junior credit facility.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The $40 million Convertible Bonds due 2014 bear interest at a rate of 11.5% per annum, compounded quarterly, and are unconditionally guaranteed by us on a senior unsecured basis.  Interest is compounded quarterly and added to the outstanding principal balance each quarter.  Interest is not payable in cash, but is instead payable in kind upon maturity of the bonds.  The bonds are convertible into shares of our common stock at an initial conversion price of $2.36 per $1,000 of principal.  The conversion price will be adjusted in accordance with the terms of the bonds upon occurrence of certain events, including payment of common stock dividends, common stock splits or issuance of common stock at a price below the then current market price.

 

Upon the fourth anniversary, the holders have the right to redeem the Bonds if the weighted average closing price of our common stock for 30 days prior to that anniversary is less than the conversion price, as adjusted.  If the holders do not exercise this right, the right lapses and the conversion price is reset to the then current market price of our common stock if such price is lower than the conversion price, as adjusted.

 

If we undergo a “change of control” as defined, the holders of the bonds have the right, subject to certain conditions, to redeem the bonds and accrued interest.  The bonds may become immediately due upon the occurrence of certain events of default, as defined.

 

Embedded derivatives

 

Two derivatives are associated with the conversion and change in control features of the $40 million 11.5% convertible bonds.  At June 30, 2008, the fair market value of these derivatives is $21.6 million, reflecting an $8.8 million increase during the second quarter that was recorded in other expense.

 

Junior Facility

 

We also borrowed $25 million under a Junior Facility Agreement (the “Junior Facility”), dated January 22, 2008.  Indebtedness under the Junior Facility will bear interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% (LIBOR plus 5.5% after the first year).  Amounts borrowed under the Junior Facility will be repaid in semi-annual payments beginning December 31, 2009 and must be repaid in full in October 2011.  During the second quarter 2008, we repaid $10 million of the Junior Facility.

 

Amounts borrowed under the Junior Facility may be prepaid at our option without penalty..  Once repaid, amounts under the Junior Facility may not be re-borrowed.  The Junior Facility contains customary covenants, which limit our ability to incur indebtedness, except for permitted hedging arrangements; create certain liens; dispose of our assets and make dividend or other distribution with respect to equity securities after one year.  In addition, the Junior Facility contains various financial and technical covenants.

 

The amounts outstanding under the Junior Facility may become immediately due upon the occurrence of a change of control, failure to pay obligations under other financial indebtedness

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

when due, certain events of default, breach of financial covenants and other events as defined in the agreement.

 

Second Lien Term Loan repayment

 

Simultaneously with entering into the Junior Facility and 11.5% convertible bonds, discussed above, we terminated the Second Lien Credit Agreement and repaid all of the $78.6 million in outstanding indebtedness including accrued interest, related fees and expenses of approximately $4.3 million.  The amount outstanding under the Second Lien Credit Agreement was scheduled to mature in 2011.

 

Note 4 - Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment included the following:

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

June 30,
2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

Oil and gas properties under the full cost method:

 

 

 

 

 

Subject to amortization

 

$

313,997

 

$

298,765

 

Not subject to amortization:

 

 

 

 

 

Acquired in 2008

 

17,390

 

 

Acquired in 2007

 

31,992

 

31,992

 

Acquired in 2006

 

93,853

 

97,922

 

Acquired prior to 2006

 

26,918

 

27,615

 

 

 

484,150

 

456,294

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other oil and gas assets

 

4,875

 

4,875

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Computers, furniture and fixtures

 

3,804

 

2,634

 

Total property and equipment

 

492,829

 

463,803

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

(171,848

)

(128,780

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net property and equipment

 

$

320,981

 

$

335,023

 

 

The costs not subject to amortization relate to unproved properties and properties being made ready to be placed in service which are excluded from amortized capital costs until it is determined whether or not proved reserves can be assigned to such properties.  We capitalized $1.0 million and $2.0 million in interest related to exploration activities for the quarters ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  For the six months ending June 30, 2008 and 2007, $2.2 million and $4.0 million, respectively, was capitalized in interest related to exploration.  We capitalized $2.1 million and $2.0 million in certain employee costs directly related to exploration

 

10



Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

activities for the quarters ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  We capitalized $4.1 million and $4.2 million in certain employee costs directly related to exploration activities for the six months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.  For the quarter ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, we included approximately $0.3 million and $0.5 million, respectively, of stock-based compensation in capitalized General and Administrative (“G & A”) expenses in property and equipment.

 

Note 5 – Derivative Instruments

 

From time to time, we may utilize derivative financial instruments with respect to a portion of our oil and gas production or a portion of our variable rate debt to achieve a more predictable cash flow by reducing our exposure to price fluctuations.  These transactions are likely to be swaps, collars or options and to be entered into with major financial institutions or commodities trading institutions.  Derivative financial instruments are intended to:

 

·                  reduce our exposure to declines in the market prices of crude oil and natural gas that we produce and sell;

·                  reduce our exposure to increases in interest rates; and

·                  manage cash flows in support of our annual capital expenditure budget.

 

We have various oil and gas derivative instruments intended to satisfy certain obligations under our financing agreements that funded the Talisman acquisition and to stabilize cash flows from the acquired assets.  Hedge accounting has not been elected for these instruments and during the second quarter of 2008, we recorded $152.2 million in other expense related to the net unrealized losses for these contracts.  In addition, we realized $(14.5) million and $3.9 million in gains (losses) on the settlement of instruments that closed during the second quarter of 2008 and 2007, respectively.  The fair market value of these derivative instruments is included in our balance sheet as follows:

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

June 30, 2008

 

December 31,
2007

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

$

 

$

4,018

 

Other assets – long-term

 

 

1,957

 

Accrued expenses and other

 

(79,445

)

(22,210

)

Other liabilities – long-term

 

(119,612

)

(30,635

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(199,057

)

$

(46,870

)

 

At June 30, 2008, we had the following derivative instruments outstanding that are not accounted for as hedges:

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Remainder
of 2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2011

 

Total

 

Oil (1):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed Price Swap (Mbbl)

 

453

 

697

 

573

 

487

 

2,210

 

Weighted Average Price ($/Barrel)

 

$

68.87

 

$

69.08

 

$

68.39

 

$

66.01

 

$

68.18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costless Collar (Mbbl)

 

 

 

400

 

 

 

400

 

Weighted Average Ceiling Price ($/Barrel)

 

$

 

$

121.88

 

 

 

$

121.88

 

Weighted Average Floor Price ($/Barrel)

 

$

 

$

100.00

 

 

 

$

100.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gas (2):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed Price Swap (MMcf)

 

1,338

 

1,387

 

1,032

 

627

 

4,384

 

Weighted Average Price ($/Mcf)

 

$

10.68

 

$

11.17

 

$

10.71

 

$

10.27

 

$

10.78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costless Collar (MMcf)

 

600

 

1,400

 

 

 

2,000

 

Weighted Average Ceiling Price ($/Mcf)

 

$

$8.67

 

$

$18.13

 

$

 

$

 

$

15.29

 

Weighted Average Floor Price ($/Mcf)

 

$

$6.75

 

$

$12.76

 

$

 

$

 

$

10.96

 

 


(1)    Oil derivatives are in reference to Platt’s Dated Brent prices.

(2)    Gas derivatives are designated in therms and have been converted to Mcf at a rate of 10 therms to 1 Mcf and are in reference to the Heren National Balance Point prices.  The exchange rate at June 30, 2008 was $1.99 to £1.00.

 

As of June 30, 2008, our outstanding commodity derivatives covered approximately 50% of our anticipated production for the remainder of 2008.

 

Interest Rate Swap

 

We also have an interest rate swap for a notional amount of $37.5 million whereby we pay a fixed rate of 5.05% and receive LIBOR.  The interest rate swap is accounted for as a hedge and is valued at $1.0 million at June 30, 2008.

 

12



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Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 6 – Asset Retirement Obligations

 

Our asset retirement obligations relate to obligation of the future plugging and abandonment of oil and gas properties.  The following table provides a rollforward of the asset retirement obligations for the six months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007:

 

 

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

2008

 

2007

 

Carrying amount of asset retirement obligations as of beginning of period

 

$

38,422

 

$

32,503

 

Accretion expense

 

1,776

 

1,505

 

Impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes

 

624

 

1,022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying amount of asset retirement obligations as of end of period

 

$

40,822

 

$

35,030

 

 

Note 7 – Supplemental Cash Flow Information

 

Cash paid during the period for interest and income taxes was as follows:

 

 

 

For the Six Months Ended June
30,

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

10,525

 

$

11,064

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income taxes paid

 

$

6,028

 

$

2,050

 

 

Note 8 – Comprehensive Loss

 

Excluding net loss, our source of comprehensive loss is due to the net unrealized loss on derivative instruments accounted for as a hedge and marketable securities, which are classified as available-for-sale.  The following summarizes the components of comprehensive loss:

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netloss

 

$

(64,024

)

$

(10,204

)

$

(80,816

)

$

(13,348

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on interest rate swap derivative instrument, net of tax of none and none, respectively

 

460

 

381

 

(506

)

211

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities

 

1,226

 

(29

)

1,226

 

(65

)

Reclassification adjustment for income (loss) realized in net loss above

 

211

 

(26

)

319

 

(26

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net impact on comprehensive income (loss)

 

1,897

 

326

 

1,039

 

120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

(62,127

)

$

(9,878

)

$

(79,777

)

$

(13,228

)

 

Note 9 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

Rig Commitments

 

We are part of a consortium, with several other operators in the Norwegian Continental Shelf, which has entered into a contract for the use of a drilling rig over a multi-year period.  The contract commits us to 100 days (for two wells) for drilling services by a semi-submersible drilling rig for $38 million during the last half of 2008 and 2009.

 

In 2006, we entered into a rig commitment for 220 days over a one-year period beginning in May 2007 for the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea for a heavy-duty harsh environment jack-up.  In January 2007, a $22 million escrow payment was made under the rig commitment.  This escrow payment is included in “Restricted cash” on our Balance Sheet.  We have utilized 73 days of this rig commitment and expect to utilize the remaining 147 days of this commitment from late 2008 through 2009 depending on well scheduling.

 

Also in March 2008, we entered into a $51.9 million agreement with Applied Drilling Technology International for a semi-submersible drilling rig in the fourth quarter of 2008 and mid 2009.

 

We expect to apply the $22 million escrow toward the first of two drilling slots on the semi-submersible rig discussed above.  We expect to utilize that rig during the fourth quarter of 2008.

 

14



Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Contingencies

 

In November 2006, we purchased various oil and gas properties, including the Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, Hamish (collectively, IVRRH), Renee and Rubie fields. Hess Limited, the operator of the facility, supporting production from IVRRH fields, has advised us that there has been a mis-measurement of the volumes of oil produced from the IVRRH fields.  During the second quarter of 2008, we increased the estimate of our net liability of the mis-measurement by $1.2 million to $4.1 million.  As the settlement of the mis-measurement liability is covered under the purchase agreement for these assets, the increase in our net liability was recorded as an increase to goodwill.

 

Note 10 – Fair Value Measurements

 

Effective January 1, 2008, we adopted the new guidance for fair value measurements for financial assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis.  This new standard defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.  It also clarifies that fair value should be based on assumptions that market participants would use when pricing an asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and the risks inherent in valuation techniques and the inputs to valuations.  This includes not only the credit standing of counterparties involved and the impact of credit enhancements but also the impact of our own nonperformance risk on our liabilities.  According to this new standard, fair value measurements are classified and disclosed in one of the following categories as follows:

 

Level  1:         Fair value is based on actively-quoted market prices, if available.

 

Level  2:         In the absence of actively-quoted market prices, we seek price information from external sources, including broker quotes and industry publications.  Substantially all of these inputs are observable in the marketplace during the entire term of the instrument, can be derived from observable data, or supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace.

 

Level  3:         If valuations require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and less observable from objective sources, we must estimate prices based on available historical and near-term future price information and certain statistical methods that reflect our market assumptions.

 

We apply fair value measurements to certain assets and liabilities including commodity and interest rate derivative instruments, marketable securities and embedded derivatives relating to conversion and change in control features in certain of our debt instruments.  We maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

 

Financial assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.  The following table summarizes the valuation of our investments and financial instruments by pricing levels as of June 30, 2008:

 

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Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

Quoted Market
Prices in Active
Markets - Level 1

 

Significant Other
Observable Inputs
- Level 2

 

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs - Level 3

 

Total Fair
Value

 

Marketable securities

 

$

7,931

 

$

 

$

 

$

7,931

 

Oil and gas derivative contracts:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oil and gas swaps

 

 

(179,904

)

 

(179,904

)

Oil and gas collars

 

 

(10,164

)

(8,989

(19,153

)

Interest rate swaps

 

 

(1,039

)

 

(1,039

)

Embedded derivatives

 

 

 

(21,600

)

(21,600

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total derivative liabilities

 

$

7,931

 

$

(191,107

)

$

(30,589

)

$

(213,765

)

 

The commodity derivative contracts were measured based on quotes from our counterparties, which are major financial institutions or commodities trading institutions. Such quotes have been derived using models that consider various inputs including current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, quoted forward prices for natural gas and crude oil, volatility factors and interest rates, such as a LIBOR curve for a similar length of time as the derivative contract term.  The inputs for the fair value models for our swaps and Brent oil collars are all observable market data and these instruments have been classified as Level 2.  Although we utilize the same option pricing models to assess the reasonableness of the fair values of our gas collars, an active futures market does not exist for our UK gas options.  We base the inputs to the option models for our UK gas collars on observable market data in other markets to verify the reasonableness of the counterparty quotes.  These UK gas collars are classified as Level 3.

 

The following is a reconciliation of changes in fair value of net derivative assets and liabilities classified as Level 3:

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

For the Six Months Ended June
30, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at beginning of period

 

$

 

Total gains or losses (realized/unrealized):

 

 

 

Included in earnings

 

(13,918

)

Purchases, issuance and settlements (net)

 

(13,460

)

Transfers in and/or out of Level 3 (net)

 

(3,211

 

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

 

$

(30,589

)

 

 

 

 

Changes in unrealized gains (losses) relating to derivative assets and liabilities still held at June 30, 2008

 

$

(12,952

)

 

16



Table of Contents

 

Endeavour International Corporation

 

Item 2:          Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, references to “Endeavour,” “we,” “us” or “our” mean Endeavour International Corporation or any of our consolidated subsidiaries or partnership interests.  The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Report.  The following discussion also includes non-GAAP financial measures, which may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies.  Accordingly, we strongly encourage investors to review our financial statements in their entirety and not rely on any single financial measure.

 

Overview

 

We are an international oil and gas exploration and production company focused on the acquisition, exploration and development of energy reserves.  To date, we have invested a significant amount of our resources on various development, acquisition and exploration projects.

 

As oil prices continue to climb to record levels and gas prices in our markets have recovered from last year, our realized price before derivatives more than doubled from the second quarter of 2007 to the second quarter of 2008.  This substantial increase in prices helped revenue grow from $74.4 million in the first six months of 2007 to $147.6 million in the same period of 2008.  By keeping cash expenses reasonably flat from 2007 to 2008, the cash flow from this higher revenue allowed us to pay down $15.0 million in debt while spending $32.1 million in capital expenditures during the first six months of 2008 and increasing cash from year end by $12.9 million.  At June 30, 2008, we held $29.4 million in cash and another $22.0 million in cash restricted for drilling rig commitments.

 

Even with the substantial growth in revenue, net income can be significantly affected by various non-cash items, such as unrealized gains and losses on our commodity derivatives, currency impact of long-term liabilities and deferred taxes.  Net loss to common shareholders for the first six months of 2008 was $86.2 million, or $0.68 per share, reflecting the significant unrealized loss on the mark-to-market of commodity derivatives.  For the first six months of 2007, net loss to common shareholders was $19.0 million, or $0.16 per share.  The net loss for 2007 reflects a smaller unrealized loss on the mark-to-market of commodity derivatives.  Net income as adjusted for the six months of 2008 would have been $0.7 million, or $0.01 per share without the effect of derivative transactions and currency impacts of deferred taxes as compared to net loss as adjusted of $0.4 million, or $0 per share, in 2007.  Net loss and net loss as adjusted for 2008 include $4.3 million in interest expense, including $2.1 million in cash, related to the early repayment of the Second Lien Term Loan.  Adjusted EBITDA increased to $95.1 million in 2008 from $56.6 million in 2007.

 

Discretionary cash flow was $75.0 million for the first six months of 2008 compared to $52.1 million for the same period in 2007, reflecting the increase in revenues over the periods.  Cash flows provided by operating activities decreased to $71.9 million for the six months ended June 

 

17



Table of Contents

 

30, 2008 as compared to $78.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 primarily due to decreases in net cash provided by changes in operating assets and liabilities partially offset by higher commodity prices.

 

Results of Operations

 

Our revenues are sensitive to changes in prices received for our products.  Our production is sold at prevailing market prices which fluctuate in response to many factors that are outside of our control.  Given the current tightly balanced supply-demand market, small variations in either supply or demand, or both, can have dramatic effects on prices we receive for our oil and natural gas production.  While the market price received for oil and natural gas varies among geographic areas, oil trades in a worldwide market, whereas natural gas, which has a limited global transportation system, is subject to local supply and demand conditions.  Consequently, price movements for all types and grades of crude oil generally move in the same direction, while natural gas price movements have historically followed local market conditions.  The majority of our natural gas is sold in the UK market.  UK natural gas prices are influenced by European natural gas markets, liquefied natural gas (“LNG”) supply and new Norwegian gas supply.  With the advent of more LNG facilities, natural gas price movements will also become more global in nature with a likely convergence between European and North American markets.

 

For the second quarter of 2008 and 2007, we had sales volume of 10,222 BOE per day and 7,758 per day BOE, respectively.  Sales volumes of 10,222 per day BOE reflect a significant contribution from sales at our IVRRH field that covered physical production for the first six months of 2008.  We record oil revenues on the sales method, i.e. when delivery has occurred.  Physical production may differ based on the timing of tanker liftings.  We use the entitlements method to account for sales of gas production.  During the six months ending June 30, 2008 and 2007, we had sales volumes of 9,509 BOE per day and 8,946 BOE per day, respectively.  We continue to expect full year 2008 production to range from 8,600 to 9,000 BOE per day.  During the third quarter of 2008, many of our fields have scheduled downtime to perform planned maintenance activities, which will result in both lower physical production and sales volumes.

 

The following table shows our average sales volumes, physical volumes, sales prices and production costs for the periods presented:

 

18



Table of Contents

 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales volume:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oil and condensate sales (Mbbl):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

 

332

 

224

 

598

 

621

 

Norway

 

246

 

124

 

342

 

255

 

Total

 

578

 

348

 

940

 

876

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gas sales (MMcf):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

 

1,644

 

2,091

 

3,679

 

4,351

 

Norway

 

467

 

55

 

1,065

 

109

 

Total

 

2,111

 

2,146

 

4,744

 

4,460

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total sales (MBOE):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

 

606

 

573

 

1,211

 

1,346

 

Norway

 

324

 

133

 

520

 

273

 

Total

 

930

 

706

 

1,731

 

1,619

 

BOE per day

 

10,222

 

7,758

 

9,509

 

8,946

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physical production volume:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total production (MBOE):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

 

6,123

 

7,478

 

6,678

 

7,840

 

Norway

 

2,791

 

1,569

 

2,843

 

1,515

 

Total

 

8,914

 

9,047

 

9,521

 

9,355

 

 

19



Table of Contents

 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Realized Sales Prices:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oil and condensate price ($ per Bbl):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Before commodity derivatives

 

$

105.45

 

$

65.34

 

$

99.44

 

$

58.23

 

Effect of commodity derivatives

 

$

(20.57

)

$

0.25

 

$

(19.42

)

$

3.69

 

Realized prices including commodity derivatives

 

$

84.88

 

$

65.59

 

$

80.02

 

$

61.92

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gas price ($per Mcf):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Before commodity derivatives

 

$

12.01

 

$

4.13

 

$

11.41

 

$

5.25

 

Effect of commodity derivatives

 

$

(1.23

)

$

1.80

 

$

0.13

 

$

2.64

 

Realized prices including commodity derivatives

 

$

10.78

 

$

5.93

 

$

11.54

 

$

7.89

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equivalent oil price ($per BOE):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Before commodity derivatives

 

$

92.82

 

$

44.79

 

$

85.29

 

$

45.95

 

Effect of commodity derivatives

 

$

(15.58

)

$

5.59

 

$

(10.20

)

$

9.27

 

Realized prices including commodity derivatives

 

$

77.24

 

$

50.38

 

$

75.09

 

$

55.22

 

 


(1)   We record oil revenues on the sales method, i.e. when delivery has occurred.  Actual production may differ based on the timing of tanker liftings.  We use the entitlements method to account for sales of gas production.

(2)   The average sales prices include gains and losses for derivative contracts we utilize to manage price risk related to our future cash flows.

 

During the six months ending June 30, 2008, we realized $17.6 million in losses on the settlement of commodity derivatives, compared to $15.0 million in gains for the same six month period in 2007.  For the six months ending June 30, 2008, we also recognized $160.3 million in losses on the mark-to-market of our commodity derivatives that were not accounted for as hedges with $28.3 million in losses for the same period in 2007.  In the second quarter of 2008, we realized $14.5 million in losses on the settlement of commodity derivatives, compared to $3.9 million in gains for the same period in 2007.  In the second quarter of 2008, we also recognized $130.7 million in losses on the mark-to-market of our commodity derivatives with $12.6 million in losses for the same period in 2007.

 

Expenses

 

Operating expenses increased to $13.9 million for the second quarter of 2008 as compared to $9.7 million in the second quarter of 2007.  For the six months ending June 30, 2008, operating expenses increased to $24.0 million as compared to $20.4 million for the same period in 2007.  Operating costs per BOE increased from $13.78 per BOE in the second quarter of 2007 to 15.02

 

20



Table of Contents

 

per BOE in the second quarter of 2008, and from $12.62 per BOE for the six months ending June 30, 2007 to $13.86 per BOE for the six months ending June, 30, 2008.  The increases in operating expenses are primarily due to the increases in sales volumes and an increase in the proportion of sales and costs from one of our higher operating cost fields.

 

General and administrative (G&A) expenses decreased to $4.8 million during the second quarter of 2008 as compared to $5.2 million for the corresponding period in 2007.  G&A expenses decreased to $9.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2008 as compared to $10.5 million for the corresponding period in 2007.  This decrease resulted from changes in non-cash stock-based compensation as a result of current year forfeitures and lower consulting fees.  The decreases were partially offset by increases resulting from compensation expense, and occupancy costs.  The compensation expense increase reflects salary expense related to $0.3 million for retiring employees.  Components of G&A expenses for these periods are as follows:

 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compensation

 

$

4,175

 

$

3,751

 

$

9,112

 

$

7,939

 

Consulting, legal and accounting fees

 

1,258

 

1,730

 

2,369

 

3,130

 

Occupancy costs

 

578

 

445

 

989

 

725

 

Other expenses

 

281

 

378

 

69

 

247

 

Total gross cash G&A expenses

 

6,292

 

6,304

 

12,539

 

12,041

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash stock-based compensation

 

652

 

851

 

1,196

 

2,728

 

Gross G&A expenses

 

6,944

 

7,155

 

13,735

 

14,769

 

Less: capitalized G&A expenses

 

(2,108

)

(1,995

)

(4,148

)

(4,242

)

Net G&A expenses

 

$

4,836

 

$

5,160

 

$

9,587

 

$

10,527

 

 

Interest expense increased by $0.3 million to $9.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2008 as compared to $8.9 million for the corresponding period in 2007 after consideration of costs related to our early retirement of the Second Lien Term Loan of $4.3 million.

 

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Income Taxes

 

The following summarizes the components of tax expense (benefit):

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

UK

 

Norway

 

U.S.

 

Other

 

Total

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) before taxes

 

$

(136,434

)

$

27,639

 

$

(3,140

)

$

(11,275

)

$

(123,210

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current tax expense (benefit)

 

1,867

 

14,016

 

 

 

15,883

 

Deferred tax expense (benefit)

 

(68,958

)

7,959

 

 

 

 

(60,999

)

Foreign currency (gains) losses on deferred tax liabilities

 

161

 

2,561

 

 

 

2,722

 

Total tax expense (benefit)

 

(66,930

)

24,536

 

 

 

 

(42,394

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) after taxes

 

$

(69,504

)

$

3,103

 

$

(3,140

)

$

(11,275

)

$

(80,816

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) before taxes

 

$

(18,083

)

$

2,612

 

$

(4,499

)

$

6,040

 

$

(13,930

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current tax expense (benefit)

 

2,046

 

(1,763

)

(3

)

78

 

358

 

Deferred tax expense (benefit)

 

(9,969

)

3,856

 

 

711

 

(5,402

)

Foreign currency (gains) losses on deferred tax liabilities

 

3,065

 

1,397

 

 

 

4,462

 

Total tax expense (benefit)

 

(4,858

)

3,490

 

(3

)

789

 

(582

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) after taxes

 

$

(13,225

)

$

(878

)

$

(4,496

)

$

5,251

 

$

(13,348

)

 

The change in income tax benefit from $0.6 million to $42.4 million for the first six months of 2007 and 2008, respectively, is primarily the result of higher deferred tax benefits on increased unrealized losses on derivatives, partially offset by increased income resulting from higher commodity prices and the effect of foreign currency changes on the deferred tax liabilities as a result of the strengthening of the Norwegian kroner versus the U.S. dollar.

 

In 2008 and 2007, we did not record any income tax benefits in the U.S. as there was no assurance that we could generate any U.S. taxable earnings, resulting in a full valuation allowance of deferred tax assets generated.

 

As our deferred tax liabilities are denominated in their respective currencies, we revalue those deferred tax liabilities to the applicable foreign currency exchange rate at the end of each period.  Those foreign currency gains and losses are included in income tax expense as shown above.

 

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures

 

Net income can be significantly affected by various non-cash items, such as unrealized gains and losses on our commodity derivatives, currency impact of long-term liabilities and deferred taxes.  Given the significant impact that non-cash items may have on our net income, we use various

 

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measures in addition to net income, including non-financial performance indicators and non-GAAP measures as key metrics to manage our business.  These key metrics demonstrate the company’s ability to maintain or grow production levels and reserves, internally fund capital expenditures and service debt as well as provide comparisons to other oil and gas exploration and production companies.  These measures include, among others, debt and cash balances, production levels, oil and gas reserves, drilling results, discretionary cash flow, adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, depletion and amortization (“Adjusted EBITDA”) and adjusted net income.

 

Net Income (Loss) as Adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and Discretionary Cash Flow are internal, supplemental measures of our performance that are not required by, or presented in accordance with, generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).  We use these non-GAAP measures as internal measures of performance and to aid in our budgeting and forecasting processes.  We view these non-GAAP measures, and we believe that others in the oil and gas industry view these, or similar, non-GAAP measures, as commonly used analytic indicators to compare performance among companies.  We further believe that these non-GAAP measures are frequently used by securities analysts, investors, and other interested parties in the evaluation of issuers, many of which present these measures when reporting their results.  We believe these non-GAAP measures provide useful information to both management and investors to gain an overall understanding of our current financial performance and provide investors with financial measures that most closely align to our internal measurement processes.  Since the application of mark-to-market accounting has the effect of pulling forward into current periods non-cash gains and losses related to commodity derivatives relating to future delivery periods, analysis of results of operations from one period to another can be difficult.  We believe that excluding these unrealized non-cash gains and losses related to commodity derivatives and currency exchange changes provides a more meaningful representation of our economic performance in the reporting period and is therefore useful to us, investors, analysts and others in facilitating the analysis of our results of operations from one period to another.  These measures should not be considered as measures of financial performance under GAAP, and the items excluded from these measures are significant components in understanding and assessing financial performance.

 

These non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to net income, operating income, or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP or as alternatives to cash flows generated by operating, investing or financing activities as a measure of our liquidity.  Because Net Income (Loss) as Adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and Discretionary Cash Flow are not measurements determined in accordance with GAAP and thus susceptible to varying calculations, Net Income (Loss) as Adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and Discretionary Cash Flow as presented may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.

 

Net Income (Loss) as Adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and Discretionary Cash Flow have limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider these measures in isolation, or as a substitute for analysis of our financial statement data presented in the consolidated financial statements as reported under GAAP.  For example, Net Income (Loss) as Adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and Discretionary Cash Flow may not reflect:

 

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·      our cash expenditures, or future requirements, for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;

·      changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;

·      unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives;

·      non-cash foreign currency gains (losses);

·      our interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest and principal payments on our debts;

·      our preferred stock dividend requirements; and

·      depreciation, depletion and amortization.

 

Because of these limitations, Net Income (Loss) as Adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and Discretionary Cash Flow should not be considered as measures of cash available to us to invest in the growth of our business.  We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and by using Net Income (Loss) as Adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and Discretionary Cash Flow only supplementally.

 

As required under Regulation G of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, provided below are reconciliations of net loss to the following non-GAAP financial measures:  net income (loss) as adjusted, Adjusted EBITDA and discretionary cash flow.

 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

Net loss

 

$

(64,024

)

$

(10,204

)

$

(80,816

)

$

(13,348

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

23,720

 

15,247

 

45,123

 

34,461

 

Deferred tax benefit

 

(55,133

)

(1,201

)

(58,277

)

(940

)

Unrealized loss on derivative instruments

 

130,686

 

12,612

 

160,328

 

28,308

 

Amortization of non-cash compensation

 

652

 

851

 

1,196

 

2,735

 

Amortization of loan costs and discount

 

1,423

 

413

 

4,579

 

840

 

Non-cash interest expense

 

1,174

 

 

2,044

 

 

Other

 

117

 

79

 

750

 

93

 

Discretionary cash flow (1)

 

$

38,615

 

$

17,797

 

$

74,927

 

$

52,149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss to common shareholders, as reported

 

$

(66,733

)

$

(13,048

)

$

(86,221

)

$

(19,036

)

Unrealized losses on derivatives (2)

 

69,626

 

6,306

 

84,234

 

14,154

 

Currency impact of deferred taxes

 

81

 

3,225

 

2,722

 

4,462

 

Net income (loss), as adjusted

 

$

2,974

 

$

(3,517

)

$

735

 

$

(420

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic and diluted

 

127,626

 

123,661

 

127,581

 

121,133

 

Earnings per share, as adjusted

 

$

(0.02

)

$

(0.03

)

$

(0.01

)

$

(0.00

)

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2008

 

2007

 

2008

 

2007

 

Net loss to common shareholders, as reported

 

$

(66,733

)

$

(13,048

)

$

(86,221

)

$

(19,036

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized losses on derivatives

 

130,686

 

12,612

 

160,328

 

28,308

 

Net interest expense

 

5,004

 

3,574

 

12,845

 

7,742

 

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

 

23,720

 

15,247

 

45,123

 

34,461

 

Income tax benefit

 

(42,864

)

(1,873

)

(42,394

)

(582

)

Preferred stock dividends

 

2,709

 

2,844

 

5,405

 

5,688

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

52,522

 

$

19,356

 

$

95,086

 

$

56,581

 

 


(1)   Discretionary cash flow is equal to cash flow from operating activities before the changes in operating assets and liabilities.

(2)   Net of tax benefits of $61,060, $6,306, $76,094 and $14,154, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The following table summarizes our net cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities for the periods indicated.  For additional details regarding the components of our primary cash flow amounts, see the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows under Item 1 of this report.

 

 

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

 

(Amounts in thousands)

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by Operating Activities

 

$

71,954

 

$

78,413

 

Net cash used in Investing Activities

 

$

(32,168

)

$

(61,840

)

Net cash used in Financing Activities

 

$

(26,847

)

$

(33,157

)

 

The net cash flows provided by operating activities are primarily impacted by the earnings from our business activities.  The cash flows provided by operating activities decreased to $71.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2008 as compared to $78.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 primarily due to decreases in cash flows provided by changes in net operating assets and liabilities, partially offset by higher commodity prices.

 

The cash used in investing activities represents expenditures for capital projects and asset purchases, as discussed in “Drilling Program” below, and increases to restricted cash under escrow for our rig commitments for 2007.  The cash used in financing activities generally consists of borrowings and repayments of debt, proceeds from the issuance of equity securities and payment of financing costs.

 

In January 2008, we completed the refinancing of certain debt with the following:

 

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·      Repayment of the outstanding balance of $75 million under our Second Lien Term Loan, plus accrued interest;

·      Issuance of $40 million under a private offering of 11.5% guaranteed convertible bonds to a company controlled by the Smedvig Family Office of Norway; and

·      Issuance of $25 million under a Junior Facility Agreement (the “Junior Facility”).

 

The $40 million Convertible Bonds due 2014 bear interest at a rate of 11.5% per annum, compounded quarterly, and are unconditionally guaranteed by us on a senior unsecured basis.  Interest is compounded quarterly and added to the outstanding principal balance each quarter.  Interest is not payable in cash, but is instead payable in kind upon maturity of the bonds.

 

We also borrowed $25 million under the Junior Facility.  Indebtedness under the Junior Facility bears interest at LIBOR plus 3.5% (plus 5.5% after the first year).  Amounts borrowed under the Junior Facility will be repaid in semi-annual payments beginning December 31, 2009 and must be repaid in full in October 2011.

 

Outstanding loans under the Junior Facility may be prepaid at our option without penalty.  During the second quarter of 2008, we repaid $10 million of the outstanding loan.  .  Once repaid, amounts under the Junior Facility may not be re-borrowed.  The Junior Facility contains customary covenants, which limit our ability to incur indebtedness, except for permitted hedging arrangements; create certain liens; dispose of our assets and make dividend or other distribution with respect to equity securities.  In addition, the Junior Facility contains various financial and technical covenants.

 

The amounts outstanding under the Junior Facility may become immediately due upon the occurrence of a change of control, failure to pay obligations under other financial indebtedness when due, certain events of default, breach of financial covenants and other events as defined in the agreement.

 

Simultaneously with entering into the Junior Facility and issuing the Convertible Bonds, discussed above, we terminated the Second Lien Term Loan and repaid all of the $78.6 million in outstanding indebtedness including accrued interest, related fees and expenses of approximately $4.3 million.  The amount outstanding under the Second Lien Term Loan was scheduled to mature in 2011.

 

Drilling Program

 

We anticipate spending approximately $90 million during 2008 to fund oil and gas exploration and development in the North Sea.  The program includes maintenance programs on our existing producing field, exploration prospects and appraisal wells.  The primary activity on exploration prospects and appraisal wells includes the following:

 

Norway

 

·      Galtvort (2.5% interest) – In Norway, the Galtvort well began drilling in April 2008 and is a near-field prospect operated by StatoilHydro Petroleum AS.  Both the initial well and the sidetrack discovered gas.  Geologic evaluations of the data are continuing.  As a result

 

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Table of Contents

 

of a farm-out agreement with a private company, we are carried for all costs associated with the drilling of these well bores and the next exploration well at Galtvort that is planned for 2009.

·      Noatun C (2.5% interest) – Noatun C is currently drilling a prospect north of the Njord field.

·      Brage North (4.4% interest – The well is beginning an exploration target in the Brage field.

·      Aegis (20% interest) – The Aegis exploration well on block 25/10 is expected to begin drilling late in the fourth quarter of 2008.

 

United Kingdom

 

·      Tesla (25% interest) – The Tesla exploration well on Block 22/24c will test for hydrocarbons in one of our primary areas of focus.

·      Rochelle (55.6% interest) – Another appraisal well is planned on the Rochelle discovery in which we hold a 55.6% interest.  We will use our existing rig commitment for a semi-submersible drilling rig in the fourth quarter of 2008 to drill this well.

·      Jade (65% interest) – We will operate our first well in Norway with the drilling of the Jade prospect.  The area is the site of the two Agat natural gas discoveries and the test will set out to identify additional reserves in support of commercial development. We will use our existing rig commitment for a heavy-duty harsh environment jack-up at the end of 2008 to drill this well.

·      Cygnus (12.5% interest) – We also plan to drill a well to further appraise the Cygnus discovery.

 

The timing and order of this program will be determined by the completion of ongoing technical work, partner approvals and rig scheduling for individual prospects.  We may increase or decrease our planned activities for 2008 or high grade our exploratory prospects, depending upon drilling results, potential acquisition candidates, product prices, the availability of capital resources and other factors affecting the economic viability of such activities.  We believe we have a production base that generates significant cash flow to fund our future growth plans and ongoing operations.

 

In March 2008, we were awarded interests in two production licenses on the Norwegian Continental Shelf, a 25% interest in PL453S and a 20% interest in PL457.  Total acreage for the two awards approximates 538,000 acres, which brings our total acreage to 1,423,000 acres.  We also entered into an agreement to farm down our interest in the Galtvort and Gygrid prospects.

 

Rig Commitments

 

We are part of a consortium, with several other operators in the Norwegian Continental Shelf, which has entered into a contract for the use of a drilling rig over a multi-year period.  The contract commits us to 100 days (for two wells) for drilling services by a semi-submersible drilling rig for $38 million in late 2008 and 2009.

 

In 2006, we entered into a rig commitment for 220 days over a one-year period beginning in May 2007 for the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea for a heavy-duty harsh environment

 

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jack-up.  In January 2007, a $22 million escrow payment was made under the rig commitment.  This escrow payment is included in “Restricted cash” on our Balance Sheet.  We have utilized 73 days of this rig commitment and expect to utilize the remaining 147 days of this commitment from late 2008 through 2009 depending on well scheduling.

 

Also in March 2008, we entered into a $51.9 million agreement with Applied Drilling Technology International for a semi-submersible drilling rig in the fourth quarter of 2008 and mid 2009.

 

We expect to apply the $22 million escrow toward the first of two drilling slots on the semi-submersible rig discussed above.  We expect to utilize that rig during the fourth quarter of 2008.

 

2008 Outlook

 

We expect production for 2008 to range from 8,600 to 9,000 BOE per day, with approximately 50%– 55% of that production as gas.  For 2008, we expect realized prices before derivatives to be $0.30 - $0.40 per Mcf less than the National Balance Point price for gas and $4.00 - $5.00 per Bbl less than the Dated Brent price for oil.  For the six months ended June 30, 2008, our production averaged 9,500 BOE per day.  According to the sales method of accounting, oil revenues are recognized when production is sold to a purchaser at a fixed or determinable price, when delivery has occurred and title has transferred, and collectibility of the revenue is probable.

 

Oil prices continue to be impacted by supply and demand on a worldwide basis, while natural gas prices are more impacted by regional economic and weather patterns.  While oil prices continue to remain strong, natural gas prices in the UK have begun to recover from the levels seen year to date.  Warmer weather conditions and increases in the supply of natural gas available from Norway had impacted the nine month gas prices.  We have commodity derivative instruments to secure our realized prices for a portion of our oil and gas production through 2011.  See Note 5 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this report for more discussion of our commodity derivative instruments.

 

We expect operating costs per BOE to be in the range of $14 to $15 per BOE for 2008.  Commodity prices can also affect our operating cash flow through an indirect effect on operating expenses.  Commodity prices can also affect our operating cash flow through an indirect effect on operating expenses.  Significant commodity price increases, as experienced in recent years, can lead to an increase in drilling and development activities.  As a result, the demand and cost for people, services, equipment and materials may also increase, causing a negative impact on our cash flow.

 

Disclosures About Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

 

See “Drilling Program” for a discussion of our rig commitments and planned expenditures.

 

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Cautionary Statement for Forward-Looking Statements

 

The information contained in this Form 10-Q and in other public statements by us and our officers or directors includes or may contain certain forward-looking statements.  The words “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “estimate,” “project,” “intend,” and similar expressions used in this Form 10-Q are intended to identify forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made.  We undertake no obligation to publicly update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date they are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.  You should also know that such statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions.  These factors include, but are not limited to, those risks described in detail in this Form 10-Q and in the our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007 under the caption “Risk Factors” and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  These risk factors include, among others, our ability to replace reserves and sustain production; the level of our indebtedness; the availability of capital on an economic basis to fund reserve replacement costs; uncertainties in evaluating oil and natural gas reserves of acquired properties and associated potential liabilities; unsuccessful exploration and development drilling; and production interruptions that could adversely affect our cash flow.  Should any of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of these assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ materially from those included within the forward-looking statements.

 

Item 3:  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Commodity Price Risk

 

We produce and sell crude oil and natural gas.  Realized pricing is primarily driven by the prevailing worldwide price for crude oil and regional gas spot market prices which have been volatile and unpredictable for several years.  As a result, our financial results can be significantly impacted as these commodity prices fluctuate widely in response to changing market forces.  We may engage in oil and gas hedging activities to realize commodity prices which we consider favorable.  For additional information regarding our derivative instruments, see Note 5 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Item 4:  Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

As of the end of the period covered by this Report, our management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our chief executive officer (the “CEO”) and

 

29



Table of Contents

 

chief financial officer (the “CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(c) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended).  Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded:

 

(i)            that our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information we are required to disclose in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is (a) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and (b) is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the CEO and CFO, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure; and

 

(ii)           that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2008.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There was no change in our system of internal control over financial reporting during the last fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Part II. Other Information

 

Item 1A:  Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this Form 10-Q, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Item 1A “Risk Factors,” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results.  The risks described in this Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K are not the only risks facing our company.  Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial conditions or future results.

 

Item 4:  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

At the May 29, 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, our stockholders voted on two matters; the election of three Class I directors to each serve three-year terms; and the appointment of an independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2008.

 

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Votes were cast as follows:

 

(1)    Election of three Directors*:

 

 

 

For

 

Withheld

 

Broker
Non-
Votes

 

Election as a Director of the Company of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John B. Connally III

 

145,076,156

 

774,367

 

 

William L. Transier

 

142,868,670

 

2,981,853

 

 

Charles J. Hue Williams

 

126,910,087

 

18,940,436

 

 

 


*     Those directors whose term of office continued were as follows:  Nancy K. Quinn, John N. Seitz, Barry J. Galt, and Thomas D. Clark, Jr.

 

(2)    Ratification of the appointment of KPMG LLP as the independent registered public accounting firm for 2008:

 

For

 

Against

 

Abstained

 

145,690,511

 

122,050

 

37,961

 

 

Item 6:  Exhibits

 

The exhibits marked with the asterisk symbol (*) are filed or furnished (in the case of Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2) with this Form 10-Q.

 

The exhibits marked with the dagger symbol (†) are management contracts and compensatory plans or arrangements.

 

3.1(a)

 

Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (Commission File No. 001-32212) for the quarter ended June 30, 2004.)

3.1(b)

 

Certificate of Amendment dated June 1, 2006 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 of our Registration Statement on Form S-3 (Commission File No. 333-139304) filed on December 13, 2006.)

3.2

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to our Current Report on Form 8-K (Commission File No. 001-32212) filed on November 6, 2006.)

10.1 †

 

Amended and Restated Employment Agreement dated June 2, 2008, by and between Endeavour International Corporation and William L. Transier (incorporated by reference to exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K (Commission File No. 001-32212) filed on June 2, 2002).

31.1 *

 

Certification of William L. Transier, Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2 *

 

Certification of J. Michael Kirksey, Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

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Table of Contents

 

32.1 *

 

Certification of William L. Transier, Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2 *

 

Certification of J. Michael Kirksey, Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

Signatures

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Endeavour International Corporation

 

Date: August 8, 2008

 

/s/ J. Michael Kirksey

 

/s/ Robert L. Thompson

 

 

J. Michael Kirksey

 

Robert L. Thompson

 

 

Executive Vice President and

 

Senior Vice President and

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

Chief Accounting Officer

 

 

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

(Principal Accounting
Officer)

 

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