The Emancipation Proclamation went into effect on this day. It stated: "I, Abraham Lincoln, president of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as commander in chief ... do, on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three ... publicly proclaim ... that all persons held as slaves ... are, and henceforward shall be, free. ... And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence ... and ... recommend ... they labor faithfully for reasonable wages." Lincoln concluded: "And upon this act ... I invoke ... the gracious favor of Almighty God."