He was called the "chief architect of the Constitution" and wrote many of the Federalist Papers, which were instrumental in the States ratifying the Constitution. He introduced the Bill of Rights in the first session of Congress. As president, he and his wife, Dolly, had to flee the White House when the British set it on fire during the War of 1812. Who was he? James Madison, born this day, March 16, 1751. James Madison wrote: "Before any man can be considered as a member of Civil Society, he must be considered as a subject of the Governor of the Universe."