At a Memorial Day event, May 31, 1923, Calvin Coolidge, the 30th president, gave a message entitled "The Destiny of America," saying: "Settlers came here from mixed motives, some for ... adventure, some for trade and refuge, but ... generally defined. ... They were intent upon establishing a Christian commonwealth in accordance to the principle of self-government. ... It has been said that God sifted the nations that He might send choice grain into the wilderness." President Coolidge concluded: "Who can fail to see in it the hand of destiny? Who can doubt that it has been guided by a Divine Providence?"