"Old Rough and Ready" died this day, July 9, 1850. He fought the British in the War of 1812, the Indians in the Black Hawk War and defeated the Seminole Indians in Florida. But it was his courageous victories in the Mexican War – being greatly outnumbered by Santa Anna's forces – that made him a national hero. His popularity spread like fire and he was elected America's 12th president. Refusing to be sworn in on the Sabbath, President Zachary Taylor stated: "The only ground of hope for the continuance of our free institutions is in the proper moral and religious training of the children."