Over 3,000 American troops were killed or wounded when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Twenty-thousand died on the infamous Bataan Death March, when Japanese forced starving prisoners to march through jungles. Tens of thousands died retaking Okinawa and other islands. Though devastating, President Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb prevented an estimated 1 million casualties, and Emperor Hirohito surrendered Japan on this day, Aug. 14, 1945. Father Cummings, a chaplain who was captured and died in the Philippines, told his men: "There are no atheists in the foxholes."