The United Nations was established by charter on this day, Oct. 24, 1945. One of the first presidents of the U.N. General Assembly and chairman of the U.N. Security Council was Philippine Gen. Carlos Romulo. He had served with Gen. Douglas MacArthur in the Pacific, was ambassador to the U.S. and won the Pulitzer Prize. Romulo stated: "Never forget, Americans, that yours is a spiritual country. Yes, I know you're a practical people. Like others, I've marveled at your factories, your skyscrapers and your arsenals. But underlying everything else is the fact that America began as a God-loving, God-fearing, God-worshiping people."