(London Daily Mail) Solar ‘super-storms’ pose a ‘catastrophic’ and ‘long-lasting’ threat to life on Earth, a scientist has warned.
These huge storms are caused by violent eruptions on the surface of the sun and are accompanied by coronal mass ejections, or CMEs.
CMEs are the most energetic events in our solar system – involving huge bubbles of plasma and magnetic fields being spewed from the sun’s surface into space.
They are often preceded by a solar flare – a massive release of energy from the sun in the form of gamma rays, X-rays, protons and electrons.
A solar superstorm occurs when a CME of sufficient magnitude tears into the Earth’s surrounding magnetic field and rips it apart.