A new study puts numbers behind the claim that the votes of non-U.S. citizens in the 2008 presidential election handed the White House to Barack Obama.

The study authored by Jesse T. Richman, Gulshan A. Chattha and David C. Earnest, who are affiliated with Old Dominion and George Mason Universities, found the number of non-citizen voters “could range from just over 38,000 at the very minimum to nearly 2.8 million at the maximum.”

Of the non-citizens who voted in 2008, the study found “81.8 percent reported voting for Barack Obama compared to 17.5 percent for John McCain.”

The tendency of non-citizens to vote for Democrats was confirmed two years later.

“Similarly in 2010, 53.8 percent of non-citizens reported voting for the Democratic House candidate while 30.7 percent indicated that they voted for the Republican,” the study said.

The results affirmed the contention of many, including the Washington watchdog, Judicial Watch, that a “large number of non-citizens cast ballots in U.S. elections, and it’s possible that the illegal votes were responsible for President Obama’s 2008 victory.”

Using data from the Cooperative Congressional Election Studies, the large-scale academic survey found “in fact, enough ineligible voters cast ballots in 2008 to conceivably account for Democratic victories in a few close elections,” Judicial Watch said in a report on the study.

Judicial Watch President Tom Fitton said the study confirms Judicial Watch’s “working theory that foreign nationals illegally vote in federal elections in large numbers and have allowed Democrats, including this president, to steal elections.”

“This is why the left does not want voter ID, loves same-day registration, by mail voting, etc., and craves amnesty and open borders,” Fitton said. “It is not about the Hispanic vote – it is about the illegal alien vote (and the legal alien vote), it is about stealing elections. Makes all the talk about targeting, messaging, issues, candidates and policy seem quaint.”

Judicial Watch noted the study supports its work on vote accountability, which includes the Election Integrity Project, described as a “widespread legal campaign to clean up voter registration rolls and support election integrity measures across the country.”

Judicial Watch said its efforts have proved voter rolls in Mississippi, Iowa, Indiana, Missouri, Texas, Florida, California and Colorado contained ineligible voters.

The study also found non-citizen votes “could have given Senate Democrats the pivotal 60th vote needed to overcome filibusters in order to pass health-care reform and other Obama administration priorities.”

The political science professors pointed out that Sen. Al Franken, the comedian who was elected to the Senate from Minnesota, won by only 312 votes.

“Votes cast by just 0.65 percent of Minnesota non-citizens could account for this margin. It is also possible that non-citizen votes were responsible for Obama’s 2008 victory in North Carolina. Obama won the state by 14,177 votes, so a turnout by 5.1 percent of North Carolina’s adult non-citizens would have provided this victory margin,” the authors said.

Judicial Watch noted most non-citizens do not register, let alone vote, but the study showed “enough do that their participation can change the outcome of close races.”

The study found more than 14 percent of non-citizens in both the 2008 and 2010 samples indicated that they were registered to vote and some actually voted.

“Based upon extrapolations from the portion of the sample with a verified vote, 6.4 percent of non-citizens voted in 2008 and 2.2 percent of non-citizens voted in 2010,” Judicial Watch said.

“This is outrageous, to say that least, and illustrates the need to clean up voter rolls in this country.”

The authors of the study said: “There were five states in 2008 where less than 100 percent turnout among non-citizens could have accounted for Obama’s victory margin. … It is likely though by no means certain that John McCain would have won North Carolina were it not for the votes for Obama cast by non-citizens.”

The study also found requiring photo identification from voters does not necessarily prevent fraudulent votes, and laws adopted recently in Kansas and Arizona may work better.

“A potential response to the inefficacy of photo ID at preventing non-citizen voting is found in laws recently passed by Kansas and Arizona that require voter registrants to prove citizenship. By highlighting and emphasizing the citizenship requirement (and by requiring documentation non-citizens should be unable to provide) it seems likely that such laws would prevent more noncitizens from voting.

“Ultimately, the results of our analysis provide a basis for informed reflection concerning the role of non-citizens in U.S. elections. They demonstrate that in spite of de-jure barriers to participation, a small portion of non-citizen immigrants do participate in U.S. elections, and that this participation is at times substantial enough to change important election outcomes including Electoral College votes and Senate races.”

‘This isn’t Chicago, now’

In Maryland, a watchdog group is suing the state over allegations of “massive and ongoing fraudulent voting by non-U.S. citizens.”

The president’s response to concerns about the integrity of the election ballot in the U.S., meanwhile, has been to joke about it.

At an appearance in Wisconsin recently, he reminded voters of their civic duty.

“You can only vote once – this isn’t Chicago, now,” he said at a political rally.

WND has reported extensively on efforts to combat fraud through voter ID laws.

While Obama’s Justice Department had fought the voter ID laws in court, the president recently affirmed the laws don’t stop minorities from voting.

“The bottom line is, if less than half of our folks vote, these laws aren’t preventing the other half from not voting. The reason we don’t vote is because people have been fed this notion that somehow it’s not going to make a difference. And it makes a huge difference,” Obama said.

“If we have a high turnout in North Carolina, then we will win. If we have a high turnout in Georgia, we will win. If we have a high turnout in Colorado, we will win. So, across the board, it is important for us to take responsibility and not give away our power,” he said.

Obama himself presented his driver’s license so poll workers could verify his identity when he voted in Chicago on Oct. 20.

One example of the need for voter ID was the discovery by Board of Elections officials in the Bronx that 850 New Yorkers registered to vote who purportedly were alive when Abraham Lincoln was president, the New York Post reported.

Board members said people apparently didn’t provide their birthdays when registering to vote, with some simply writing “21+.”

The Texas attorney general assembled a detailed list of evidence in his response to the DOJ’s latest attack on Texas voting laws.

“Evidence … shows that Attorney General Holder’s list of voters who lack government issued photo identification is fatally flawed because DOJ’s list includes dead voters, failed to exclude non-Texas residents, and did not attempt to match voters with photo ID databases maintained by the federal government – such as the State Department’s passport database or the Department of Defense’s military identification database,” the report said.

The DOJ’s list of voters who allegedly “lack photo identification” includes 50,000 dead voters, 330,000 voters over 65 who can vote by mail without ID and “countless” voters who actually have a government-issued photo ID but who were improperly included on the DOJ’s no-identification list, the Texas report said.

Among those on the no-ID list were state Elections Director Keith Ingram, Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, former Sen. Phil Gramm, state Sen. Leticia Van De Putte and former President George W. Bush.

WND reported last week an accusation of vote fraud in an Arizona primary election through ballot-box stuffing.

The chairman of the Maricopa County Republican Committee, A.J. LaFaro, said he obtained video of a man bringing a box of what looked like hundreds of ballots in and stuffing them into a ballot box.

Watch the surveillance video:

“I believe it’s inconceivable, unacceptable and should be illegal for groups to collect hundreds, if not thousands, of voter’s ballots and return them to the elections offices or poling locations,” said LaFaro.

See the BIG LIST of vote fraud reports coming out of the 2012 election.

WND also reported the National Conference of State Legislatures, which tracks the latest developments on voter ID, reports 34 states currently have laws on the books requiring some form of identification for voting.

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