"I have a dream ... where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers," stated Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Aug. 28, 1963, at the civil rights march in Washington, D.C.
Martin Luther King Jr. attended Booker T. Washington High School in Atlanta, Georgia, 1942-1944.
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Booker T. Washington, who founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, wrote in "Up From Slavery" (1901): "I learned this lesson from General Samuel Chapman Armstrong, and resolved that I would permit no man, no matter what his color might be, to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him. With God's help, I believe that I have completely rid myself of any ill feeling toward the Southern white man for any wrong that he may have inflicted upon my race. I am made to feel just as happy now when I am rendering service to Southern white men as when the service is rendered to a member of my own race. I pity from the bottom of my heart any individual who is so unfortunate as to get into the habit of holding race prejudice."
Booker T. Washington stated: "In the sight of God there is no color line, and we want to cultivate a spirit that will make us forget that there is such a line anyway.
Booker T. Washington stated: "I have always had the greatest respect for the work of the Salvation Army especially because I have noted that it draws no color line in religion."
Booker T. Washington wrote: "The man is unwise who does not cultivate in every manly way the friendship and goodwill of his next-door neighbor, whether he be black or white."
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Booker T. Washington wrote in "Up From Slavery" (1901): "Great men cultivate love. ... Only little men cherish a spirit of hatred."
George Washington Carver, who taught at Tuskegee, wrote to Robert Johnson, March 24, 1925: "Thank God I love humanity; complexion doesn't interest me one single bit."
George W. Carver wrote to YMCA official Jack Boyd in Denver, March 1, 1927: "Keep your hand in that of the Master, walk daily by His side, so that you may lead others into the realms of true happiness, where a religion of hate, (which poisons both body and soul) will be unknown, having in its place the 'Golden Rule' way, which is the 'Jesus Way' of life, will reign supreme."
After the Civil War, African-Americans began to advance in society, but Democrat vigilante groups in the South committed over 3,000 lynching in the early 1900s. Booker T. Washington walked the fine line between racist Southern Democrats who would commit violence if African-Americans tried to rise above their inferior social position and Northern racial activists who denigrated those not demanding reparations, such as W.E.B. Dubois, who visited Mao Zedung and later joined the Communist Party.
Booker T. Washington warned in "My Larger Education – Being Chapters from My Experience" (1911, ch. V: The Intellectuals and the Boston Mob, p. 118): "There is another class of colored people who make a business of keeping the troubles, the wrongs, and the hardships of the Negro race before the public. Having learned that they are able to make a living out of their troubles, they have grown into the settled habit of advertising their wrongs – partly because they want sympathy and partly because it pays. Some of these people do not want the Negro to lose his grievances, because they do not want to lose their jobs. ... There is a certain class of race-problem solvers who do not want the patient to get well, because as long as the disease holds out they have not only an easy means of making a living, but also an easy medium through which to make themselves prominent before the public."
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Booker T. Washington stated: "A whining crying race may be pitied but seldom respected."
Booker T. Washington's approach to African-Americans being fully accepted into American life was to follow the path immigrants took. German, Irish, Jewish, Polish, Italian and others were initially met with discrimination, but they worked hard, gained an education, started businesses, accumulated wealth, made contributions to society, and rose in public respect.
Booker T. Washington stated: "At the bottom of education, at the bottom of politics, even at the bottom of religion itself, there must be for our race, as for all races, an economic foundation, economic prosperity, economic independence."
"Leaders have devoted themselves to politics, little knowing, it seems, that political independence disappears without economic independence; that economic independence is the foundation of political independence."
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Booker T. Washington recommended efforts to "concentrate all their energies on industrial education, and accumulation of wealth, and the conciliation of the South," believing that "Blacks would eventually gain full participation in society by showing themselves to be responsible, reliable American citizens."
He wrote: "No man who continues to add something to the material, intellectual and moral well-being of the place in which he lives is left without proper reward."
He wrote: "I want to see my race live such high and useful lives that they will not be merely tolerated, but they shall be needed and wanted."
Franklin D. Roosevelt warned Congress, Jan. 3, 1940: "Doctrines that set group against group, faith against faith, race against race, class against class, fanning the fires of hatred in men too despondent, too desperate to think for themselves, were used as rabble-rousing slogans on which dictators could ride to power. And once in power they could saddle their tyrannies on whole nations."
Political organizer Saul Alinsky wrote in Rules for Radicals (1971):
- "The organizer's first job is to create the issues or problems. ...
- "The organizer must first rub raw the resentments of the people of the community. ...
- "An organizer must stir up dissatisfaction and discontent. ...
- "He must search out controversy and issues, rather than avoid them."
- "Fan the latent hostilities of many of the people to the point of overt expression."
Proverbs 6:19 "The Lord hates ... a person who stirs up conflict in the community."(NIV)
Franklin Roosevelt stated in a campaign address at Brooklyn, New York, Nov. 1, 1940: "Those forces ... oppose Christianity because it preaches democracy. ... We are a nation of many nationalities, many races, many religions – bound together by ... the unity of freedom and equality. Whoever seeks to set one nationality against another, seeks to degrade all nationalities. Whoever seeks to set one race against another seeks to enslave all races. ... So-called racial voting blocs are the creation of designing politicians who profess to be able to deliver them on Election Day."
FDR stated in a radio address for a birthday ball for crippled children, Jan. 30, 1940: "The answer to class hatred, race hatred, religious hatred ... is the free expression of the love of our fellow men."
FDR prayed on United Flag Day, June 14, 1942: "Grant us victory over the tyrants who would enslave all free men. ... We can make ... a planet ... undivided by senseless distinctions of race."
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., warned Aug. 28, 1963: "In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. ... New militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone."
On April 16, 1963, Rev. King warned: "I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. One is a force of complacency. ... The other force is one of bitterness and hatred, and it comes perilously close to advocating violence. It is expressed in the various black nationalist groups that are springing up across the nation, the largest and best-known being Elijah Muhammad's Muslim movement. Nourished by the Negro's frustration over the continued existence of racial discrimination, this movement is made up of people who have lost faith in America, who have absolutely repudiated Christianity, and who have concluded that the white man is an incorrigible 'devil.' I have tried to stand between these two forces, saying that we need emulate neither the 'do-nothingism' of the complacent nor the hatred of the black nationalist. For there is the more excellent way of love and non-violent protest. I am grateful to God that, through the influence of the Negro church, the way of nonviolence became an integral part of our struggle. ... If our white brothers dismiss ... those of us who employ nonviolent direct action ... millions of Negroes will, out of frustration and despair, seek solace and security in black nationalist ideologies - a development that would inevitably lead to a frightening racial nightmare. ... "
Martin Luther King Jr., gave hope: "One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judeo-Christian heritage."
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a Baptist pastor like his father and grandfather, continued his Civil Rights March address, Aug. 28, 1963: "Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's children. ... I have a dream that one day ... the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together. This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning,
'My country 'tis of thee,
Sweet land of liberty,
Of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died,
Land of the Pilgrims' pride,
From every mountainside,
Let freedom ring.'
"When we let freedom ring ... we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual,
'Free at last!
Free at last!
Thank God Almighty,
We are free at last!'"
Martin Luther King Jr.'s niece, Dr. Alveda King, told he Call Detroit, Nov. 11, 2011: "My father, Rev. A.D. King, is brother to Martin. Uncle M.L., Daddy, and their earthly father, Daddy King were preachers of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. ... Daddy King rescued me from abortion in 1950. You can read the story in my book: 'How Can the Dream Surive If We Murder the Children?'. ... When my mother wanted to abort me, Daddy King told her: 'No. They are lying to you. She is not a lump of flesh. She is a little girl, with bright skin and bright red hair. She will be a blessing to many.' So you see, this little girl who is part Irish, part African and part Native American is standing before you today to bear witness of Acts 17:26, that of One Blood, God made all people to live on earth in a Beloved Community, and one day, to live in Eternity with Him. So we are one human race, not separate races."
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