The report asks whether the site will “in the future store nuclear warheads for Russian dual-capable non-strategic weapon systems deployed in the region.”
“If so, does this signal a new development in Russian nuclear weapons strategy in Kaliningrad, or is it a routine upgrade of an aging facility for an existing capability?”
The development was reported by Hans M. Kristensen at the FAS website.
“During the past two years, the Russian military has carried out a major renovation of what appears to be an active nuclear weapons storage site in the Kaliningrad region, about 50 kilometers from the Polish border,” he reports.
The details come from a Digital Globe satellite image purchased via Getty Images and several other satellite images viewable on TerraServer.
They show that one of three underground bunkers near Kulikovo was being excavated in 2016. It apparently was renovated and then covered up again in 2018 “presumably to return operational status soon.”
The site was upgraded from 2002 to 2010, the report said.
The features of the site suggest it could potentially serve Russian Air Force or Navy dual-capable forces. But it could also be a joint site, potentially servicing nuclear warheads for Air Force, Navy, Army, air-defense and coastal defense forces in the region.